When Is Guru Nanak Jayanti Date
The religious festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated with immense splendor and grandeur throughout the world where Sikhs reside, especially in their homeland, Punjab and Haryana. The birthday of Guru Nanak Jayanti falls on Kartik Poornima, that is, the day of the full moon in the month of Kartik as per the Hindu calendar. The date usually falls in the month of October or November in the Gregorian calendar, but it varies each year.
Preparations for the festival start well in advance. The festival is generally a three-day fair. It starts off with reciting the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs, in the gurudwaras. The holy book is read for 48 hours non-stop, known as Akhand Path. This ends on the day before Guru Nanak Jayanti. A day before the festival, a procession is carried out starting early in the morning, called the Prabhat Pheris. The procession starts from the gurudwara and moves ahead towards the localities. Five armed guards, representing the Panj Pyares lead the procession carrying the Sikh Flag called Nishan Sahibs. They even carry a Palki (palanquin) which holds the Guru Granth Sahib placed firm and decorated with flowers.
As the procession proceeds, the followers sing shabads (religious hymns) while the local bands play religious music. The day of Guru Nanak Jayanti begins at around 4 or 5 AM with singing Asa-di-Var (morning hymns) and hymns from the Sikh scriptures. This is followed by Katha which continues till noon. A lavish langar or special community lunch is served to the people present at the gurudwara. People volunteer for this service as they consider it to be seva (service) and bhakti (devotion) towards Lord.
Guru Nanak Jayanti / Gurpurab Date:
- 2017: 4th November (Saturday)
- 2018: 23rd November, 2018 (Friday)
- 2019: 12th November, 2019 (Tuesday)
- 2020: 30th November, 2020 (Monday)
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