History of International Women’s Day: From being synonymous with the kitchen to stepping onto the moon, women have come a long way till now. The Women’s Day has been a symbol of celebrating such women who have surpassed discrimination and come out with flying colors. A look at how March 8th became renowned as the International Women’s Day.
History of International Women’s Day
International Ladies’ Garment Workers
‘ Union (ILG) organised two mass strikes in New York to protest against long working hours, low wages and diaplated working conditions under which women worked in garment industry in the United States.
Socialist Party of America
observed February 28, 1909 as Women’s Day in remembrance of the ILG strike.
Socialists organised International Conference of Working Women in Copenhagen. German Communist leader Clara Zetkin proposed the idea of Women’s Day.
International Women’s Day was celebrated in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland on March 19.
Migrant workers from over 51 countries, many of them women, striked against two-hour pay cut in in Lawrence, Massachusetts. The strike went on for two months. Labour
union leader Rose Schneiderman’s famous speech “Bread and Roses” called for fair wages and dignified conditions in industries.
Women’s Day was observed in Russia on the last Sunday in February 1913.
International Women’s Day was held on March 8 in Germany to press the demand that women be given the right to vote and to hold public office.
Demonstrations on IWD at St. Petersburg, Russia, where women demanded “bread and peace” gave birth to the February Revolution. This eventually brought the First World War to an end and decline of Tsar regime.
United Nations proclaimed March 8 as UN Day for women’s rights and world peace.
United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women aka UN Women.