Sida Cordifolia (Indian Ephedra, Mallow plant, Janglimedhi, Bala, Vatya, Bariyar, Kharethi)

Sida Cordifolia (Indian Ephedra, Mallow plant, Janglimedhi, Bala, Vatya, Bariyar, Kharethi)Family Name: Malvaceae

Botanical Name: Sida Cordifolia

Common Name: Indian Ephedra, Mallow plant, Janglimedhi, Bala, Vatya, Bariyar, Kharethi

Part Used: Roots and leaves, whole plant

Habitat: Tropical and sub-tropical India and Nepal at an altitude of about 1,050 m.


Sida PlantSida Cordifolia, an erect, minutely hairy and branched under shrub with a firm woody stem and intricate branches, contains 0.8% to 1.2% of the alkaloid ephedrine. It has been used by Ayurveda as a rejuvenating herb and an aphrodisiac.


Sida cordifolia has ephedrine and pseudo-ephedrine along with other compounds as active ingredients that stimulate the cardio-vascular system and CNS. It is considered to have diaphoretic, diuretic, central nervous system stimulating and anti-asthmatic properties. The stem of Sida cordifolia contains a number of active compounds, including small amounts of an essential oil, 1-2% alkaloids composed mainly of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, with ephedrine ranging from 30-90%, depending on the source. It is a rejuvenating herb, an aphrodisiac herb which helps in curing those diseases that occur due to inflammation of the nerves.

Medicinal Uses

Sida Cordifolia has been used in India for over 2,000 years now to treat a variety of health disorders like bronchial asthma, cold & flu, chills, lack of perspiration, headache, nasal congestion, aching joints and bones, cough & wheezing, and edema. One of its uses is in weight loss too as the ephedrine alkaloids control metabolism in human body.

  • It is one of the best medicines for Rheumatism.
  • It is also used as cardiac tonic.
  • It is beneficial in nervous and urinary diseases, bleeding piles, hematuria, gonorrhea, cystitis, leucorrhea, chronic dysentery, nervous disorders, insanity, asthma and disorders of blood and liver.
  • Fresh decoction mixed with ginger is used for intermittent fever with cold shivering fits.
  • The root is pounded and applied for elephantiasis to reduce pain.
  • The root is processed with milk and used internally and externally for hemiplegia, stiff neck, facial paralysis, diseases of the nervous system, and diseases of nose, ear, mouth and head.
  • Its herbal extract or tea is used for obesity and obesity related disorders, especially in western countries.
  • It is used for all kinds of detoxification and rejuvenation therapies like in medicated enema where its root extract is used for all kinds of nervous disorders like paralysis, arthritis etc.
  • In one of the rejuvenation therapies named “Navara Kizhi”, medicated Navara (rice) with milk and Sida cordifolia is applied all over the body or to a particular body part.
  • In condition of sexual weakness, the milk extract of Sida cordifolia root is recommended as an effective remedy for sperm mobility and low sperm count disorders.

Side Effects

Sida cordifolia when used excessively can cause ephedrine related side effects like insomnia, anxiety, nervousness, increase in blood pressure, memory loss or even stroke. Ephedrine coupled with caffeine can prove fatal. Patients subjected to IOC drug testing, using MAO inhibitor medication (Anti-depressants), having high blood pressure, heart disease, thyroid or prostrate condition along with pregnant or lactating women should not take this herb except under expert guidance.

Check Also

Vikram Vedha: Bollywood Action Thriller Film

Vikram Vedha: Bollywood Action Thriller

Movie Name: Vikram Vedha Directed by: Pushkar – Gayathri Starring: Hrithik Roshan, Saif Ali Khan, Radhika Apte, …