Location: The island of Singapore and adjacent islands lie off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula
Area: 581 sq km
National composition: Chinese (78%), Malays (14%), Indians, Pakistanis and other minorities
Official languages: Malay, Chinese, English, Tamil
Currency: Singapore dollar = 100 cents
Administrative divisions: 5 districts
Climate: Wet equatorial
The densely populated, flat island of Singapore is one of the world’s busiest air and naval shipping centres. More than 60 regular maritime routes converge on it. Singapore has huge dock and ship repair facilities, port and storage facilities, oil refineries producing fuels, and the world’s largest tin smelting plant.
A centre of light industry, it exports electronic and optical instruments, textiles and utensils. Singapore is linked by rail with Malaysia.