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World Population Day

World Population Day Information For Students

World Population Day is an international level awareness campaign being celebrated all over the world to call people on stage to know the reason of this exploding population year by year as well as solve the big mistake of whole human fraternity. This great awareness event is to bring a population revolution globally as well as breaking sleep of all the deeply slept people to pay their full attention and help in combating this population issue.

World Population Day is a great event being celebrated all through the world annually on 11th of July. It is celebrated to increase the awareness of the people towards the worldwide population issues. It was first started in the year 1989 by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It was exalted by the interest of the public when the global population became near about five billion at 11th of July in the year 1987.

The following message “Family Planning: Empowering People, Developing Nations.” was distributed worldwide by the theme of 2017th World Population Day celebration when the worldwide population was approximately 7,025,071,966. The big step was taken by the authority for more small and healthy society as well as sustainable future of the people. A crucial investment is made to fulfill the reproductive health care demands and supply. The step was taken for increasing the reproductive health as well as reducing the social poverty by reducing the population.

It was the huge challenge for the development when the population on the earth has reached to around 7 billion in the year 2011. According to the decisions of the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in the year 1989, it was recommended that 11th of July every year should be noticed by the community globally and celebrated as the World Population Day in order to raise the awareness among common public and find out the real solutions to combat with the population issues. It was started to focus the required attention of people towards the importance of population issues.

World Population Day: Background

World Population Day, which seeks to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues, was established by the then-Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989, an outgrowth of the interest generated by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11 July 1987.

By resolution 45/216 of December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly decided to continue observing World Population Day to enhance awareness of population issues, including their relations to the environment and development.

The Day was first marked on 11 July 1990 in more than 90 countries. Since then, a number of a number of United Nations Population Fund, formerly the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) country offices and other organizations and institutions commemorate World Population Day, in partnership with governments and civil society.

Population Trends

Current estimates indicate that roughly 83 million people are being added to the world’s population every year. Even assuming that fertility levels will continue to decline, the global population is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100, according to the medium-variant projection.

The UN and Population

The UN Population Division collaborates closely with the agencies, funds, programmes and bodies of the United Nations system in the implementation of the work programme on population and in the follow-up to the International Conference on Population and Development. United Nations missions, national Government offices, United Nations offices, researchers, media representatives and the public regularly consult the Population Division regarding population estimates and projections, and information and analyses on population and development issues.

At its thirty-eighth session, the Statistical Commission requested the United Nations Statistics Division and other international agencies to increase their technical assistance to national statistical offices in order to strengthen national capacity for the implementation of the 2010 World Programme on Population and Housing Censuses. In addition, the Commission requested countries to begin implementation of the revised Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses.

UNFPA works with many partners, both within and outside the United Nations system, including Governments, non-governmental organizations, civil society, faith-based organizations, religious leaders and others, to achieve its mission. To better respond to local needs, UNFPA increasingly devotes resources to country-led efforts, placing emphasis on country-focused and country-led implementation to achieve improved results, at the same time addressing mutual accountability and strengthening harmonization and alignment.

UNFPA works to support family planning by: ensuring a steady, reliable supply of quality contraceptives; strengthening national health systems; advocating for policies supportive of family planning; and gathering data to support this work. UNFPA also provides global leadership in increasing access to family planning, by convening partners – including governments – to develop evidence and policies, and by offering programmatic, technical and financial assistance to developing countries.

Nine standards to uphold the human right to family planning

Nine standards to uphold the human right to family planning

  • Non-discrimination: Family planning information and services cannot be restricted on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, political affiliation, national origin, age, economic status, place of residence, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • Available: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.
  • Accessible: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.
  • Acceptable: Contraceptive services and information must be provided in a dignified manner, respecting both modern medical ethics and the cultures of those being accommodated.
  • Good quality: Family planning information must be clearly communicated and scientifically accurate.
  • Informed decision-making: Every person must be empowered to make reproductive choices with full autonomy, free of pressure, coercion or misrepresentation.
  • Privacy and confidentiality: All individuals must enjoy the right to privacy when seeking family planning information and services.
  • Participation: Countries have an obligation to ensure the active and informed participation of individuals in decisions that affect them, including health issues.
  • Accountability: Health systems, education systems, leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realize the human right to family planning.

How do we celebrate World Population Day?

World population day is celebrated on international level by organizing variety of activities and events to draw attention of mass people to work together on the issues of growing population. Some of the activities include seminar discussions, educational competitions, educational information sessions, essay writing competition, public contests on various topics, poster distribution, songs, sports activity, speeches, poems, artwork, slogans, themes and messages distribution, workshops, lectures, debates, round table discussions, news distribution through press conferences, TV channels and news channels, relay of population related programmes on radio and television and so many. Various health organizations and population divisions works together to solve population issues by organizing conferences, research works, meetings, project analysis and etc.

Why do we celebrate World Population Day?

The aim of the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme is paying great attention towards the reproductive health problems of the community people as it is the leading cause of the ill health as well as the death of the pregnant women worldwide. It has been distinguished that around 800 women are dying daily in the procedure of giving birth to a baby. The campaign of the World Population Day every year increases the knowledge and skills of the people worldwide towards their reproductive health and family planning.

Around 1.8 billion youngsters are entering to their reproductive years and it’s very necessary to call their attention towards the primary part of the reproductive health. According to the statistics, it is noted that the world population on 1st of January 2014 has been reached to 7,137,661,030. The annual celebration of world population day is planned with lots of activities and events to make aware people about the reality.

Through this great awareness celebration, people are encouraged to take part in the event to know about population issues like importance of family planning towards the increasing population, gender equality, maternal and baby health, poverty, human rights, right to health, sexuality education, use of contraceptives and safety measures like condoms, reproductive health, adolescent pregnancy, girl child education, child marriage, sexually transmitted infections and so many.

Sexuality related issues are very necessary to get solved among youths especially between 15 to 19 years of age as according to the statistics it is noted that around 15 million women of this age give birth every year as well as around 4 million go through for abortion.

Some of the objectives of celebrating the world population day are mentioned below:

  • It is celebrated to protect and empower youths of both gender like girls and boys.
  • To offer them detail knowledge about the sexuality and delay marriages till they become able to understand their responsibilities.
  • Educate youths to avoid unwanted pregnancies by using reasonable and youth friendly measures.
  • Educate people to remove the gender stereotypes from society.
  • Educate them about the pregnancy related illnesses to raise the public awareness about dangers of early childbirth.
  • Educate them about STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) to get prevented from various infections.
  • Demand for some effective laws and policies implementation in order to protect girl child rights.
  • Make sure about the access of equal primary education to both girls and boys.
  • Make sure the easy access of reproductive health services everywhere as part the basic primary health for each couple.

World Population Day: Themes

  • The theme of 2018 was “Family Planning is a Human Right”.
  • The theme of 2017 was “Family Planning: Empowering People, Developing Nations”.
  • The theme of 2016 was “Investing in teenage girls”.
  • The theme of 2015 was “Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies”.
  • The theme of 2014 was “A time to reflect on population trends and related issues” and “Investing in Young People”.
  • Theme of 2013 was “Focus is on Adolescent Pregnancy”.
  • Theme of 2012 was “Universal Access to Reproductive Health Services”.
  • Theme of 2011 was “7 Billion Actions”.
  • Theme of 2010 was “Be Counted: Say What You Need”.
  • Theme of 2009 was “Fight Poverty: Educate Girls”.
  • Theme of 2008 was “Plan Your Family, Plan Your Future”.
  • Theme of 2007 was “Men at Work”.
  • Theme of 2006 was “Being Young is Tough”.
  • Theme of 2005 was “Equality Empowers”.
  • Theme of 2004 was “ICPD at 10”.
  • Theme of 2003 was “1,000,000,000 adolescents”.
  • Theme of 2002 was “Poverty, Population and Development”.
  • Theme of 2001 was “Population, Environment and Development”.
  • Theme of 2000 was “Saving Women’s Lives”.
  • Theme of 1999 was “Start the Count-up to the Day of Six Billion”.
  • Theme of 1998 was “Approaching the Six Billion”.
  • Theme of 1997 was “Adolescent Reproductive Health Care”.
  • Theme of 1996 was “Reproductive Health and AIDS”.

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