Originally the martyrdom of the soldiers while defending the sovereignty of the country during the freedom struggle was remembered on Republic Day, January 26, and this gave way to January 30.
The anniversary of the deaths of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru on 23 March, 1931, is also declared to be Martyr’s Day.
13 July is also celebrated as the martyrs day in India in the Jammu and Kashmir to memorize the death of 22 people. They were killed by the royal soldiers while demonstrating adjacent to the Maharaja Hari Singh of the Kashmir on 13th of July in the year 1931.
17 November is celebrated as the martyrs day in the Odisha to observe the death anniversary of the Lala Lajpat Rai (also famous as the “Lion of Punjab”). He was a leader and freedom fighter during the independence of India from the British Raj.
19 November (birthday of Rani Lakshmibai) is also celebrated as the martyrs day in the state of Jhansi. It is celebrated to pay honor to those who sacrificed their lives during the rebellion of the year 1857. Rani Lakshmibai was the leading figure of that rebellion.