|Name:||Lala Lajpat Rai (Punjab Kesari)|
|Birthday:||28 January 1865
Dhudike, Ludhiana district, Punjab, India
|Parents:||Munshi Radha Krishan (Father)|
|Political party:||Hindu Mahasabha|
|Occupation(s):||Author, Freedom Fighter, Politician|
|Died On:||17 November 1928 (aged 63) Injuries sustained during a lathi charge
Lahore, Punjab, British India (Now in Pakistan)
Lala Lajpat Rai’s contribution to the Indian Freedom struggle was invincible. During the independence movement, he was famous as ‘Lal Bal Pal’ trio. He earned the title of ‘Punjab Kesari’ or the ‘Lion of Punjab’. Let us read more about Lala Lajpat Rai’s early life, family, political journey, achievements, slogans, books etc.
Lala Lajpat Rai Biography: The name of Lala Lajpat Rai shines among the freedom fighters of India. He was born in Ferozepur district on January 28, 1865. His schooling was at his village school. He late joined the Mission High School of Ludhiana, and did his graduation in law at Government College, Lahore.
Lala Lajpat Rai was a staunch follower of the Arya Samaj movement founded by Swami Dayanand. He wanted to reform the society of its evils. He also wanted to spend his life for social service, and was prepared for a lot of self-sacrifice.
Lajpat Rai worked very hard to start the Dayanand Anglo Vedic College at Lahore, and was involved in its activities all through his life. When the country suffered from a famine in 1899, he was there to help the poor himself.
Lalaji joined the Congress in 1888 and thus became a politician. He was a fine speaker and writer and started the monthly paper “Young India“. He joined Swaraj party in 1925. His love for his country took him to jail several times.
In 1928, Lalaji led a procession against the Simon Commission, which did not have a single Indian representative. The police began to beat the protesters with lathies. Lalaji was hit on the head by a British officer, Mr. Sanders. Due to that injury, Lala Lajpat Rai died a tragic death on 17th November, 1928.
(Hindi) Simon Commission 1927 – Reason, Objectives & Impacts
- He left his legal practice for the independence of the country from British rule.
- He felt the need to highlight the atrocious nature of the British rule in India across the countries of the world and recognized the need for presenting the state affairs in the Indian Freedom Struggle.
- In 1914, he went to Britain and in 1917 to the USA.
- He founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York in 1917. From 1917 to 1920, he stayed in the USA.
- After returning back to India in 1920, he was invited to preside over the special session of the Congress in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
- He led a protest against the British in Punjab for their brutal actions at Jallianwala Bagh.
- Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920 and Lala Lajpat Rai led the movement in Punjab.
- He was imprisoned from 1921 to 1923.
- When he was released, he was elected to the legislative assembly.
- Due to the Chauri-Chauri incident, Gandhiji took back the Non-Cooperation movement and this decision was criticized by Lalaji and wanted to form the Congress Independence Party.
- In 1928, the Simon Commission visited India. The objective behind it was to discuss constitutional reforms.
- In 1928, Lalaji introduces the legislative assembly resolution for the boycott of the British Simon Commission.
- During a demonstration in Lahore, he died after being attacked by lathi charge of Police.
Some of the most important writings of Lala Lajpath Rai are:
- The Story of My Deportation (1908)
- Arya Samaj (1915)
- The United States of America: A Hindu’s Impression (1916)
- England’s Debt to India: A Historical Narrative of Britain’s Fiscal Policy in India (1917)
- Unhappy India (1928)