The 9th of November is selected as the Legal Services Day which was first started by the Supreme Court in the year 1995 all across the India to offer help and support to the weaker and poor group of sections of people which may be women, disabled persons, Scheduled Tribes, children, Scheduled Castes, human trafficking victims as well as natural calamities victims.
National Legal Services Day was first observed in the country in the year 1995. The day was started by the Supreme Court of India 25 years ago. National Legal Services Day date also holds a special meaning as the Indian Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 came into effect on November 9, 1995. Since then National Legal Services Day date is November 9 and the day is observed every year.
The National Legal Services Authority, NALSA was constituted under the Indian Legal Services Authorities Act 1987. This was done to provide free legal services to the weaker sections of the society. They were to organize Lok Adalats for the amicable settlement of disputes. The day is also celebrated to make people aware of various provisions under the Legal Services Authorities Act and the right of the litigants.
A lot of people think of legal proceedings as a time consuming and a messy procedure. The day aims at changing this belief and making people aware that getting justice is an important quality of a citizen which needs to be procured in a society. The legal services and the facilities to get justice are of great importance in society and for every individual. The law and the Indian constitution treats every citizen equally and promotes justice through equal opportunity. Observing this day also promotes seeking legal help and spreading awareness about the legal system.
Objectives of National Legal Service Day:
The aim of celebrating the National Legal Services Day is to offer the free of charge, proficient and legal services to the people of weaker sections of society. It also organizes the Lok Adalats to make safe the legal system operations and encourages the righteousness of people on the equality basis. Various authorities go to the districts of Nagaland in order to perform the authorized aid programmes and campaigns related to the legal awareness. The day celebration is organized all over India to increase awareness of free legal aid towards every weak citizen of the country. It aims to make sure the availability of free services to the weaker section people as well as making them conscious about their rights.
It has also been stated that the students and children of the early age should be aware about the constitutional rights and laws relating to them. There is also need to be aware about the child labor and old parents by opening the welfare centers. The state government has supported and cooperated a lot by granting the funds needed for the SSLSA operations.
National Legal Services Authority of India (NALSA)
Constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act of 1987, the National Legal Services Authority of India was established to create a nationwide network uniform in nature that would provide competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society at no cost. The Authority came into force only in November 1995.
The Supreme Court of India first started the ‘National Legal Services Day’ in 1995.
- Another function of NALSA is to organize Lok Adalats for a quick resolution of the cases.
- The Patron-in-chief is the Chief Justice of India.
- The Executive Chairman of the Authority is the second senior-most judge of the SC.
- At the state level, the State Legal Services Authority has been constituted to give effect to the policies of NALSA at the state level, and also to conduct Lok Adalats in the states. NALSA provides funds for the State Legal Services Authority for the implementation of the various legal aids and programmes.
- At the district level also, the District Legal Services Authority has been established.
- Taluk Legal Services Committees are also constituted for each of the Taluk or Mandal or for a group of Taluk or Mandals to coordinate the activities of legal services in the Taluk and to organise Lok Adalats. Every Taluk Legal Services Committee is headed by a senior Civil Judge operating within the jurisdiction of the Committee who is its ex-officio Chairman.