Kampuchea (Cambodia) – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

Kampuchea (Cambodia): World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

System of government: Socialist Republic (called Democratic Kampuchea)
Capital: Phnom Penh
Location: In south-eastern Asia on the Gulf of Thailand, bordered by Vietnam, Laos and Thailand
Area: 181,035 sq km
National composition: Mostly Khmer; Chinese, Vietnamese, Lao minorities
Religion: Buddhism
Official language: Khmer
Currency: Riel = 100 sen
Administrative divisions: 24 provinces
Other major cities: Battambang
Chief river: Mekong
Largest lake: Tonle Sap
Climate: Tropical monsoon type

Kampuchea, formerly called Cambodia, consists largely of an alluvial plain covered by forest or savanna. The forests yield much valuable timber and natural rubber. About 15 percent of Kampuchea is farmland and agriculture employs four-fifths of the work-force. The main crops are maize, manioc, peppers, rice, soya beans, sweet potatoes and tobacco. Farmers rear cattle and buffaloes, which are used as beasts of burden. The staple food is rice, supplemented by fish. Mineral resources are few and industry is concerned chiefly with the processing of farm produce and fish.

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