The massacre took place on Baisakhi which is considered New Year day of Sikhs and also a harvest festival. The people of Punjab gathered on the auspicious day of Baisakhi at Jallianwala Bagh, near Golden Temple at Amritsar, to lodge their protest peacefully against harassment by the British Indian Government.
General Dyer suddenly appeared with an army of 90 British Indian Army soldiers and ordered to fire on all the people including women and children.
There was hustle and bustle all around. Hundreds of people were killed not only by firing but a huge number of deaths happened by stampedes at the gates and felling into the well in the compound in an attempt to rescue and look for shelter from the firing.
Thousands were injured. General Dyer later admitted that he had gone to the Bagh with the premeditated intention of opening fire if he found a horde assembled there in front of Hunter commission.
100 years of Jallianwala Day Massacre
On April 13, 2019, one of the most brutal incidents in Indian history, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place in Amritsar, Punjab. British troops commanded by General Reginald Dyer fired upon a peaceful assembly of Indians at Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh. The crowd had assembled to peacefully protest against the Rowlatt Act and the arrest of two outstanding leaders of Indian National Congress – Dr. Satyapal and Saifuddin Kitchlew. 1650 unarmed and innocent Indians were killed in a massacre which changed the contours of our freedom movement forever.
Massacre scene from Gandhi Movie:
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when a crowd of nonviolent protesters, along with Baishakhi pilgrims, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, were fired upon by troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer…