The separate states of both India and Pakistan were created at midnight on August 15, 1947.
As India celebrates its Independence Day on August 15, Pakistan celebrates it a day before. According to a report, Pakistan’s first Independence Day was also celebrated on August 15 but later it was advanced to August 14.
One of the reason Pakistans celebration of its Independence Day on August 14 is that Britsih Viceroy Lord Mountbatten, who had chosen August 15 to commemorate the surrender of Japan to the Allies Power marking the end of World War II in 1945, sought to transfer power to Pakistan on August 14 so that he could be present in New Delhi to observe India’s maiden Independence day celebration.
Another reason is that Pakistan decided to celebrate its Independence Day on August 14 because of 27th day of Ramadan, which is also an auspicious date of the Islamic lunar calendar, which coincided with it.
Hence leader in Pakistan unanimously decided to celebrate their Independence Day on August 14th, a day before the actual date. Otherwise, August 15 is the actual Independence Day for both India and Pakistan. Even South Korea also observes its Liberation Day on August 15.
“As from the fifteenth day of August 1947, two independent Dominions shall be set up in India, to be known respectively as India and Pakistan,” The Indian Independence Act of 1947 said.
Pakistan’s founding father Muhammad Ali Jinnah had also declared August 15 as the birthday of the independent and sovereign state of Pakistan. Also, Pakistan’s first commemorative postage stamps were released in July 1948 and also mentioned August 15, 1947, as its Independence Day.
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