Capital: Doha (Dauha)
Location: On the Qatar Peninsula which projects into the Persian Gulf from the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Qatar has borders with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Area: 11,000 sq km
National composition: Mostly Arabs, with immigrants from other Arab countries
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Qatar riyal = 100 dirhams
Chief rivers: No permanent rivers
Climate: Hot and arid
Qatar is a flat, arid desert country whose only asset is its rich oil fields. Some revenue also comes from finishing and pearl diving.