Astronomy Acronyms

Alphabetical Listing of Astronomy Acronyms

  • ISZ — Iskusstvenniy Sputnik Zemli
  • IUE — International Ultraviolet Explorer
  • IUS — Inertial Upper Stage
  • IVT — Interface Verification Test
  • JAEL — JSC Avionics Engineering Laboratory
  • JCMT — James Clerk Maxwell Telescope
  • JD — Julian Date; Julian Day (Number)
  • JEM — Japanese Experiment Module
  • JERS — Japanese Earth Resources Satellite
  • JGR — Journal of Geophysical Research
  • JILA — Joint Institute For Laboratory Astrophysics
  • JPL — Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • JSC — Johnson Space Center
  • KAO — Kuiper Airborne Observatory
  • KB — Construction Bureau
  • KPM — Kometen
  • KPNO — Kitt Peak National Observatory
  • KSC — Kennedy Space Center
  • KTB — Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary
  • LAGEOS — Laser Geodynamics Satellite
  • LANL — Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • LARC — Langley Research Center
  • LASCO — Large Angle Spectrometric Coronograph
  • LC — Launch Complex
  • LDEF — Long Duration Exposure Facility
  • LEDA — On-line Earthnet Data Access
  • LEM — Lunar Excursion Module
  • LEO — Low Earth Orbit
  • LERC — Lewis Research Center
  • LEST — Large Earth-based Solar Telescope
  • LFC — Large Format Camera
  • LGA — Low Gain Antenna
  • LGM — Little Green Men
  • LH — Liquid Hydrogen
  • LHA — Local Hour Angle
  • LIS — Lightning Imaging Sensor
  • LLNL — Lawrence-Livermore National Laboratory
  • LM — Lunar Module
  • LMC — Large Magellanic Cloud
  • LN2 — Liquid Nitrogen
  • LOX — Liquid OXygen
  • LPO — La Palma Observatory
  • LPV — Long Period Variable
  • LRB — Liquid Rocket Booster
  • LRSI — Low-temperature Reusable Surface Insulation
  • LSR — Local Standard of Rest
  • LST — Local Sidereal Time
  • LTP — Lunar Transient Phenomenon
  • LY — Light Year (usu. Ly)
  • M — Messier
  • MACHO — MAssive Compact Halo Object
  • MACRO — Monopoles
  • MACS — Modular Attitude Control System
  • MARS — Series of Soviet Mars Spacecraft
  • MAS — Millimeter-wave Atmospheric Sounder
  • MB — Manned Base
  • MBB — Messerschmitt-Belkow-Blohm
  • MCC — Mission Control Center
  • MCCC — Maragone Convection On Closed Containers
  • MDSSC — McDonnell Douglas Space Systems Corp
  • MECO — Main Engine CutOff
  • MET — Mission Elapsed Time
  • MEV — Mars Excursion Vehicle
  • MFPE — Misson From Planet Earth
  • MFV — Main Fuel Valve
  • MIMR — Multifrequency Imaging Microwave Radiometer
  • MISR — Multiangle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer
  • MITI — Ministry of International Trade And Industry
  • MJD — Modified Julian Date
  • ML — Mobile Launcher
  • MLI — Multi-Layer Insulation
  • MLP — Mobile Launch Platform
  • MLS — Microwave Limb Sounder
  • MMCC — Mission Management And Control Centre
  • MMH — MonoMethyl Hydrazine
  • MMPO — Mission Management And Planning Office
  • MMS — Multi-mission Modular Spacecraft
  • MMT — Multiple Mirror Telescope
  • MMU — Manned Maneuvering Unit
  • MNRAS — Monthly Notices of The Royal Astronomical Society
  • MOC — Mars Observer Camera
  • MODE — Middeck Zero-Gravity Dynamics Experiment
  • MODIS — Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer
  • MODIS-N — MODIS-Nadir
  • MODIS-T — MODIS-Tilt
  • MOL — Manned Orbiting Laboratory
  • MOLA — Mars Observer Laser Altimeter
  • MOMS — Modular Optoelectronic Multispectral/Stereo Scanner
  • MOMV — Manned Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle
  • MOPITT — Measurements of Pollution In The Troposphere
  • MOTV — Manned Orbital Transfer Vehicle
  • MPC — Minor Planets Circular
  • MPEC — Multi-Purpose Experiment Canister
  • MPESS — Multiple Purpose Experiment Support Structure
  • MRIR — Medium Resolution Infrared Radiometer
  • MRO — Memory Read-Out
  • MRSR — Mars Rover And Sample Return
  • MRSRM — Mars Rover And Sample Return Mission
  • MS — Main Sequence
  • MSFC — Marshall Space Flight Center

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