Kids Encyclopedia

Cranes

Cranes — Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds of the order Gruiformes, and family Gruidae. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or “dances”. While folklore often states that cranes mate for life, recent scientific research indicates that these birds do change mates over the …

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Cowbird

Cowbird — Cowbirds are birds belonging to the genus Molothrus in the family Icteridae. They are brood parasitic New World birds which are unrelated to the Old World cuckoos, one of which, the Common Cuckoo is the best-known brood parasitic bird. This family includes five species of cowbirds that form the natural genus Molothrus. This has been determined by phylogenetic …

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Cormorant

Cormorant — The bird family Phalacrocoracidae is represented by some 40 species of cormorants and shags. Several different classifications of the family have been proposed recently, and the number of genera is disputed. Cormorants and shags are medium-to-large seabirds. They range in size from the Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus), at as little as 45 cm (18 in) and 340 g …

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Condor

Condor — Condor is the name for two species of New World vultures, each in a monotypic genus. They are the largest flying land birds in the Western Hemisphere. Both condors are very large broad-winged soaring birds, the Andean Condor being 5 cm shorter (beak to tail) on average than the northern species, but larger in wingspan. California Condors are …

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Cockatoos

Cockatoos — A cockatoo is any of the 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae. Along with the Psittacidae family (the true parrots), they make up the order Psittaciformes. The name cockatoo originated from the Malay name for these birds, kaka(k)tua. Cockatoos share many features with other parrots including the characteristic curved beak shape and a zygodactyls foot, with …

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Chat

Chat — Chats are a group of small Old World insectivorous birds formerly classed as members of the thrush family Turdidae. This name is normally applied to the robust ground feeding species found in Europe and Asia in the subfamily Saxicolini. They come from a large number of genera. Most northern species are strong migrants. Species are: Family: Muscicapidae Subfamily: …

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Catbird

Catbird — Several perching birds in unrelated families are called “catbirds” because of their calls. Catbirds proper in the bowerbird family (Ptilonorhynchidae). The catbirds are a group of passerine birds in the family Mimidae which also includes mockingbirds and thrashers. These birds produce a wide variety of sounds including cat-like barks. They are generally found in brushy habitats. Catbird is …

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