The term comes from the Sanskrit trikona, meaning “three corners” or “triangle”, and asana, meaning “posture”. The term is often used synonymously with utthita trikonasana (extended triangle pose).
In addition to a range of physical benefits, trikonasana is believed to unblock energy pathways in the body. It is one of the basic poses common to the many styles of yoga.
Trikonasana is commonly referred to as triangle pose in English.
Depending on the school of yoga, there may or may not be a difference between the terms trikonasana and utthita trikonasana, but where a variation is noted is in the hand placement and position of the torso. Trikonasana is also similar to parsvakonasana, the difference being that the former maintains straight legs, while the latter is performed with the lead leg bent at a 90-degree angle.
Variations of Trikonasana include:
- Baddha trikonasana (bound triangle pose), in which one arm wraps around the lead leg and grabs the wrist of the opposite arm behind the back.
- Parivrtta trikonasana (revolved triangle pose), in which the upper body twists so that the opposite arm extends to the ground.
Trikonasana is thought to stimulate the svadisthana chakra. This chakra is the center of creativity, pleasure and enjoyment.
Benefits of Trikonasana: The Triangle Pose
- Helps in Stretches hips, back muscles, chest and shoulders. Stretches the spine.
- Give Strength to the thighs, calves and buttocks.
- Stimulates the spinal nerves.
- It improves the flexibility of the spine, correct alignment of shoulders. It relieves from backache, gastritis, indigestion, acidity, flatulence.
- Assists treatment of neck sprains, reduces stiffness in the neck, shoulders and knees.
- Strengthens the ankles and tones the ligaments of the arms and legs. It also stimulates.
- The nervous system and alleviates nervous depression.
- Strengthens the pelvic area and tones the reproductive organs.