Philip Marlowe. He first appeared in The Big Sleep. Chandler had been writing for a popular periodical entitled Black Mask for some years when he wrote his first novel The Big Sleep in 1939. It met with great success, so much so that Chandler continued Philip Marlowe’s bleak adventures in Farewell My Lovely, The High Window, The Lady in the Lake, The Little Sister, The long Goodbye and Playback.
Raymond Chandler was born in Chicago, January 23, 1888, but from the age of seven was brought up in England where he lived for 17 years.
During this time he was educated at Dulwich Collage. Interested in writing, he worked as a journalist in London but returned to America when he was 24. The first World War broke out in 1914. Chandler joined the Canadian army but when demobilized he started work with an oil company in California, the background for his Philip Marlowe thrillers. In 1933 he again took up his writing activities and forsook his business career. He died March 26, 1959.