No. Captain Blood is a fictional character, the hero of Rafael Sabatini’s novel of piracy on the high seas Captain Blood while Colonel Blood was the real-life rascal who stole the crown jewels from the Tower of London May 9, 1671. He was captured but later pardoned by King Charles II.
Rafael Sabatini was born of Italian and English parentage at Jesi, Italy in 1875 and first made his name as a writer of historical fiction with The Tavern Knight, in 1904. This enjoyed great popularity for their historical accuracy and the author’s charm of style.
His books, The Sea Hawk, Captain Blood, Scaramouche and Bardelys the Magnificent, have all been rendered into outstandingly successful films. Rafael Sabatini also wrote the biographical works, Life of Cesare Borgia and Torquemada and the Spanish Inquisition. He died February 13, 1950.