Rituals of Vrishabha Sankranti
Gifting cows is considered to be auspicious on Vrishabha Sankranti. Devotees specially visit Lord Vishnu temples on this auspicious day and pray Lord Vishnu to grant them the wisdom to choose between good and the evil. Holy places throughout the country prepare for Vrishabha Sankranti as devotees take Sankramana Snana on this day. Pitra Tarpan is specially conduced on Vrishabha Sankranti.
The second month in Hindu solar calendar begins on Vrishabha Sankranti. Sixteen gharis (moments) before Vrishabha Sankranti are considered auspicious for conducting all kind of daan and punyas (donation and charity). Therefore all kind of daan is done during these auspicious moments of Vrishabha Sankranti. Donating cows is always considered auspicious and this has special relevance on Vrishabha Sankranti.
Punya Kaal Muhurta of Vrishabha Sankranti
The Punya Kaal Muhurta for Vrishabha Sankranti will last from 10:29 to 16:53. The Punya Kaal Muhurta will last for 6 Hours 23 Mins. The Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta during Vrishabha Sankranti celebrations in 2016 will begin at 16:29 and continue till 16:53. This will last for 23 Mins.
Devotees in Odisha (Orissa) celebrate the day as Brusha Sankranti. The day begins by taking of ritualistic bath in rivers and sea. The special bath is known as Sankraman Snana which is undertaken as a mark of respect to the ancestors in the family and also as a mark of respect to the Sun God. Special prayers are offered by devotees of Lord Vishnu to appease him and seek his blessings for the family.
Devotees throng the bathing ghats in holy city of Puri, Odisha. Brusha Sankranti Snana is performed with full religious fervor in Puri and devotees seek blessings from Sun God on this religious occasion. The devotees also visit the Jagannath temple to seek blessings from Lord Vishnu.
Vrishabha Sankranti is commonly referred to as Vrushabha Sankraman in some parts of the country. Vrushabha is referred to as bull in Sanskrit. Lord Shiva’s carrier Nandi is also a bull and religious scriptures indicate a relation between the two of these.
While lord of Gods, Lord Brahma is the creator of the world, God Vishnu (the ‘Paalak’) is responsible for taking care of entire universe and Lord Shiva (also known as Mahesh) is responsible for perishing it. Thereby equilibrium is maintained in the universe and a continuous cycle of living, existing, perishing and then again the re-birth keeps occurring.
Vrishabha Sankranti has great religious significance for the devotees and they make the day special by seeking the blessings of Lord Vishnu. People pray and plead that they live a better life without getting entrapped in ‘moh‘ and ‘maya‘ so that they are free from taking re birth and attain ‘moksha’ (salvation), on Vrishabha Sankranti.