Jalandhar, formerly Jullundhar is an ancient city in Punjab located 80 km away from Amritsar. Ruled by the Hindus and the Mughals...
Jalandhar, formerly Jullundhar is an ancient city in Punjab located 80 km away from Amritsar. Ruled by the Hindus and the Mughals in succession it is believed to be the oldest city in Punjab. Today this city is a highly industrialized centre being India's foremost producer of world class sports equipments. It is the main area of the State which has maximum Non-Resident Indians. This has made it a rich and forward looking city. The city also has the distinction of producing some of the best sportsmen in the country. Its satellite towns; Phagwara is famous for cloth manufacturing and drapery shops and Kartarpur is one of the biggest exporters of quality furniture.
Origin of the Name of the District: The district is named after Jalandhar, a demon king, who finds a mention in the Puranas and Mahabharta. According to another legend, Jalandhar was the capital of the kingdom of lav, son of Rama. According to yet another version Jalandhar is said to have derived its name from the vernacular term 'Jalandhar' means area inside the water, i.e. tract laying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas, still another name of Jalandhar had been Trigartta, as it was waters by three rivers, Satluj, Beas and Ravi.
Jalandhar is located on the intensively irrigated plain between the Beas and Sutlej rivers. The city, which has major road and rail connections, is a market for agricultural products. Manufactures include textiles, leather goods, wood products, and sporting goods. Jalandhar was the capital of Punjab from India's independence (1947) until Chandigarh was built in 1953. Jalandhar is situated at 710 31' East and 300 33' North at a distance of 146 kms from state capital Chandigarh. It is at a distance of 350 Kms from Delhi on Delhi-Amritsar Highway. It is surrounded by Ludhiana district in East, Kapurthala in West, Hosiharpur in North and Ferozepur in South. It is well connected by road and train. Nearest Airport is Raja Sansi Airport, Amritsar at a distance of 90 kms.
Total Area and Population of the District
According to 2001 Census provisional, the area of Jalandhar District is 3,401 sq. km According to 2001 Census provisional figures, the total population of the district was 19,53,508 persons (10,26,535 males and 9,26,973 Females).
Best Time to Visit Jalandhar
Summer season extends from April to July in Jalandhar. Moonsoon Rains start around early to mid July and last through August and end in September. It becomes quite cold in Dec-January. Best time to visit Jalandhar is January to March, as this time climate is quite pleasant.
Devi Talab Mandir, Tulsi Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid, Wonder Land, Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall, Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi, St Mary's Cathedral Church
Jalandhar Attraction Details
Devi Talab Mandir: It is situated in the heart of Jalandhar City. The old Devi Talab has been renovated and, in its centre, a new temple has been built. Recently a model of Amarnath Yatra has been built in the premises. An old temple of goddess Kali also stands by the side of the Devi Talab.
Tulsi Mandir: Tulsi Mandir, earlier known as Temple of Vrinda, is an ancient monument in the city located in the Kot Kishan Chand locality. It was built in honor of Vrinda, wife of the demon Jalandhara. The tank on the side of the temple is said to have been the bathing place of Jalandhara.
Shiv Mandir: The temple situated at Gur Mandi near Imam Nasir mausoleum dates back to the Lodhi Era. Believed to be built by the Nawab of Sultanpur Lodhi, the mandir is a blend of Muslim Hindu architecture. The main gate is built in the style of a mosque while the rest of the building is in Hindu style. There is a legend that when Jalandhar was Nawabs territory, he had eyed a newly married Hindu girl who was a devotee of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva in the form of a serpent saved her honour. Awed by the appearance of this serpent the Nawab apologised to the girl and built the temple on her bidding.
Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid: The 800 year old beautifully designed mausoleum of Imam Nasir is located in the heart of Jalandhar. The Jama Masjid nearby is said to be 400 years old.
Wonder Land: Wonderland Theme Park is an amusement water park with water games and water rides. The Park spreads over 11 acres with many thrilling rides offering healthy entertainment to all age groups. The park is located about 6 kms from Jalandhar Bus terminus and 8 kms from the Railway Station on Nakodar Road. The water rides includes bumper cars, flying jets, horror house, boating, kiddies' boating, play house, flying dragon and a slide splash. The wave pool is another attraction of the water park. There is an aqua dance floor, where boys and girls enjoy dancing on the tunes of the latest Punjabi hit numbers underneath a canopy that has artificial clouds from where the water comes down like a rainfall. Entrance time is between 9.00am to 10.00pm in dry park and 12.00pm to 8.00pm in water park. Dry Park is open throughout the year. Waterpark is closed in winters as it is not inconvenient to play around in water.
Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall: Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall has been constructed to perpetuate the memory of martyrs who has lost their lives in the fight for freedom from the British rule.
Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi: The sixth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Hargobind visited Jalandhar during his tour of Doaba area and he was interviewed by a holy Muslim saint, Shaikh Darvesh. Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi in Basti Shaikh, is situated at the same spot where the talk was held. The great Guru had in depth discussion with Shaikh Darvesh about spiritual matters which created good impact on the holy man. A handwritten copy of Sri Guru Granth Sahib prepared sometime between 1715 and 1728 by the great Sikh scholar and martyr Baba Deep Singh is kept here.
St Mary's Cathedral Church : St Mary's Cathedral with its rare cosmo-culture design is a tribute to the Punjabi tradition. This Cathedral at Jalandhar Cantonment, initiated by representatives of His Holiness Pope John Paul II is the only one of its kind in the East. The old church dedicated to St. Patrick was built in 1947 and the foundation stone for the new church was laid in 1986.
How to reach Jalandhar
Jalandhar City Railway Station is an important station on the Delhi-Amritsar Railway line. It is connected with direct trains to Delhi (375 km), Calcutta, Mumbai, Puri, Nagpur, Jammu Tawi and Deluxe Express to Mumbai, Shatabadi Express to Delhi, Utkal Express to Puri and Howrah Mail to Calcutta. Railway Enquiry Northern Railway, Jalandhar-144001 Phone: 0181-131, 2456366, 2456367, 2456072. There is a vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh (160 km), U.P., Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators. There is no airport in Jalandhar. The nearest airport is Raja Sansi airport in Amritsar, 80 km away.
Where to stay in Jalandhar
Diamond Guest House, Heritage Guest House, Radission Windsor Hotel - 5 Star, Hotel Kamal Palace 3 Star, Hotel The Maya - 3 Star Deluxe Hotel, Hotel Plaza Bar & Restaurant – 3 Star, Hotel Centrepoint, Hotel Kings, Hotel Classic, Hotel Gulshan, Anand Paying Guest