Ludhiana is one of the centrally located cities of Punjab. It is located on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar & on the latitude 30.55 North & longitude 75.54 East in the state of Punjab in Northern India...
Ludhiana is one of the centrally located cities of Punjab. It is located on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar & on the latitude 30.55 North & longitude 75.54 East in the state of Punjab in Northern India.
Name Foundation: Ludhiana or Lodiana, is called after the Lodis, which dynasty ruled at Delhi from A.D. 1451 to1526. The Two Lodi Chief, Yusaf khan and Nihang Khan, deputed by Sikandar Lodi (A.D.1489-1517) to restore order in the region, fixed head-quarters on the present location of Ludhiana city, which was at the time on more than a village called Mir Hota. Legend has it that Yusaf crossed the Satluj to check the Khokhars, who were then plundering the Jalandhar Doab, and settled at Sultanpur; Nihang Khan remained at Mir Hota as the Emperor’s lieutenant and called the place Ludhiana.
Ludhiana city is known as the industrial hub of Punjab, whose roots go back to the 15th century. This vivacious city has turn out to be a colorful bouquet of different cultures, thanks to its industrial status. The inventive & creative urge of the Ludhianivis noticeable itself beautifully in various industrial activities. Ludhiana has time & again been called the Manchester of India. Industries manufacturing Cycle & its parts, Woolens, Machine Tools, Sewing Machines, Generators, Diesel Engines, Tyres & Tubes and a host of other utilities and consumer goods dot the map of Ludhiana. The industrial products & hosiery manufactured in Ludhiana are not only used within India but they are also exported to different regions of the world.
No one is in a mood to listen while the city is crying hoarse. Not that there is so much rush, it is because the mind of its inhabitants is elsewhere. There is no space to stretch one’s limbs and the time has been reduced to a roundabout at the Clock Tower. A grand race is taking place with no destination in sight. This marathon race is an end in itself. The promised joyride is in fact turning to be a pain in the neck. Still the show must go on; else the house of cards will come tumbling down. Amidst all this flurry of activities, there are literary discussions, cultural seminars, photograph and painting exhibitions, song and dance concerts, flower and baby shows, games and sports, stag parties and girlie outpourings, convocations and annual functions, declamations and debates, besides the get-togethers of senior citizens.
Still the city is bubbling with enthusiasm and wants to be heard, even in snatches. It is in fact a historical, industrial and cultural monologue of Ludhiana. The city is heaving a sigh of relief that it has retained its identity since the times of Sultan Sikander Khan Lodhi. His Generals, Usuf Khan and Nihang Khan, laid its foundation in 1481 near Meer Hota village as an army cantonment. Later Meer Hota was renamed as Lodhiana. In 1785 the Sutlej changed its course and the bet area of the width of 9 km and the length of 90 km was added to the territorial range of Ludhiana. Thus, the outlines of a big city were demarcated. It was Jalal Khan, the grandson of General Nihang Khan, who built the Ludhiana Fort.
The best time to visit Ludhiana is from February to mid April. Starting from February to the mid of April, the weather in Ludhiana remains quite pleasant and enjoyable. This is the best time of the year for the people to visit Ludhiana who fails to tolerate any sort of extremities of climatic conditions.
Baba Gajjuji Thapar Shrine, Bhir, City Kotwali, Clock Tower, Daresi Ground, Islamia High School, Lakkar Pul, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort Phillaur
Baba Gajjuji Thapar Shrine: A three-century-old shrine of Baba Gajjuji Thapar located in Gurdev Nagar here in Ludhiana is not only a symbol of religious devotion but also of immense historical significance. For, it throws light on the strong attraction of the city that, even way back in the 18th century, pulled scores of migrants as far as from Kabul in Afghanistan to come and settle here in the land of plenty.
With the Sutlej River flowing nearby, the place had attracted several civilizations to live here. Excavation found at Sanghol and Sunet, near here, also establish the charm of the place to the migrants. It was the same pull that brought the forefathers of the Thapars to this place.
Bhir: Bhir has the famous mosque built by Mohammad Ghori in 1911, 150 years old Khangah of Abdul Rehman Khan, mausoleum of Alawal Khan built during Shah Jehan's regime, octagonal in shape, surmounted by double pear shaped dome, the tomb of Bahadur Khan with sloping walls, 2 storied, double tomb of Husain Khan, Bilwanwali Masjid, mosque of Kamal-ud-din Khan/ Sarai Doraha on the main highway, Ludhiana dates back to Emperor Jehangir's time. Rectangular in shape it has rooms and verandahs on all sides. Two double storied gates are exquisitely decorated with colored tiles and intricate brick carvings.
City Kotwali: Near about 173-year-old city kotwali police station, also known as the Division No. 1 police station, is the oldest in the city as the much older Purani Kotwali, which had disappeared from the Chaura Bazaar about more than a decade ago. Though it qualifies for being preserved as a protected monument as per the norms that all buildings, which are more than 100 year old, should be preserved as heritage monument, yet no conservation work has been done on it.
Clock Tower: Ludhiana City’s best icon Clock Tower, popularly known as Ghanta Ghar, is more than 100 years old. It was on October 18, 1906, that the Victoria Memorial Clock Tower, Ludhiana, was inaugurated by the then Lt- Governor of Punjab and its dependencies, Sir Charles Montgomery along with Deewan Tek Chand, the then Deputy Commissioner, Ludhiana. The rulers of the day had chosen the spot for the tower keeping in mind the proximity of the business centre and the railway station.
Daresi Ground: Daresi Ground witnessed the Indian freedom struggle and even carried some part of the movement in its lap. It also provided a pedestal to leaders like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi, who addressed rallies of national importance from here. The Hindi agitation movement is said to have been launched from here and for the past so many decades, it has been ‘the place’ for several political rallies.
Islamia High School: Islamia High School is one of the oldest schools in the Ludhiana city. While before Partition it was run on religious lines, after Partition the government started a high school for girls in the building. The area is still known as Islamia College Road. It was supposed to be one of the best maintained and a posh locality in the city inhabited by influential Muslims.
Lakkar Pul: Lakkar Pul, one of the most prominent landmarks in the city, which has been a witness to the development of the city from a small settlement to a metropolis, has made way for a modern flyover. This historic landmark in the city has fallen victim to the process of urbanization as the railway footbridge, connecting the old city and the Civil Lines locality, is going to be replaced with a flyover to meet the increasing need for better traffic movement and easier vehicular access across the main railway line in the city.
Lodhi Fort: The over 500-year-old Lodhi Fort, constructed by Muslim ruler Sikander Lodhi on a strategic location along the banks of the Sutlej in the city, has gone to rack and ruin, thanks to the official apathy as well as the indifferent attitude of the city residents towards it.
The once-strong citadel, basically a military fort, which withstood many an invader, has crumbled under the onslaught of the elements in the last five centuries. The process has been considerably hastened due to the lack of any protection offered by the Ludhianvis.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort-Phillaur:The Town of Phillaur in which this Fort is located owes its origin to a Sanghera Jat Phul called the town after himself Phulnagar. Subsequently the Naru Rajputs under Rai Shahr whose territory extended from Mau to Selkiana occupied it & when his son Rai Rattan Pal abandoned Mau & settled at Phillaur. The Jats Left the modern town dates from the time of Shah Jahan (1627-1658 A.D.) when the sites covered with ruins reoccupied having been selected for the erection of a Serai on the imperial line of road from Delhi to Lahore, of its earlier history nothing of interest is recorded.
By Air:The nearest operational airport from Ludhiana is one in the state capital Chandigarh, 100 km away & another one in the Holy City Amritsar. The proposal to build an international airport at Ludhiana has been floated recently.
By Rail:There are regular trains for New Delhi and Amritsar from Ludhiana Railway Station. Fast trains connect Ludhiana to Delhi, Calcutta, Mumbai, Puri, Nagpur, Jammu and other cities of India. The important trains include Frontier Mail, Jammu Tawi and Deluxe Express to Mumbai, Shatabdi Express to Delhi, Utkal Express to Puri and Howrah Mail to Calcutta
By Road: Ludhiana is situated on the Amritsar-Delhi Grand Trunk Road. New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh & other major cities in Punjab are well linked with Ludhiana through road. The city lies about 305 km northwest of Delhi and is 100 km away from Chandigarh. There is vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Pepsu, Chandigarh, U.P., Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators. Important road links include Delhi, Shimla, Chandigarh, Rishikesh, Kulu, Manali, Dharmshala, Dalhousie, Jammu, Jaipur and Ganganagar.
There are innumerable hotels and lodges in Ludhiana and almost all of them try to give every possible facility to their respective customers. Although it cannot be denied that all the hotels are not of same category but the majority of them take utmost care of their boarders. To name a few worth mentioning hotels, Hotel Aditya, Hotel Abhishek, Hotel Ashoka, Hotel Bhatia’s Weldon, Hotel Chevron International, Hotel Dyal palace, Hotel Le-Bon Ton, Hotel Le Classic, Hotel Majestic Park plaza, Hotel Shampion-2000, Hotel Zoom Classic