Gros Morne National Park
Gros Morne National Park is an area of great natural beauty with a rich variety of scenery, widlife...
Gros Morne National Park of Canada was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. The park is an area of great natural beauty with a rich variety of scenery, wildlife, and recreational activities. Visitors can hike through wild, uninhabited mountains and camp by the sea. Boat tours bring visitors under the towering cliffs of a freshwater fjord carved out by glaciers. Waterfalls, marine inlets, sea stacks, sandy beaches, and colourful nearby fishing villages complete the phenomenal natural and cultural surroundings of Gros Morne National Park of Canada. The park takes its name from Newfoundland's second-highest mountain peak (at 2,644 ft/806 m) located within the park.
Its French meaning is "large mountain standing alone," or more literally "great sombre." Gros Morne is a member of the long range mountains, an outlying range of the appalachian mountains, stretching the length of the island's west coast. It is the eroded remnants of a mountain range formed 1.2 billion years ago. "The park provides a rare example of the process of continental drift, where deep ocean crust and the rocks of the earth's mantle lie exposed." The Gros Morne National Park Reserve was established in 1973. It wasn't until October 1, 2005 that the National Parks Act was applied to the reserve, thereby making it a Canadian National Park.
Within Gros Morne National Park are mountains, fjords, fjord lakes, deep bays, sand beaches, volcanic rock coastlines, wide river valleys, boreal forests, arctic alpine barrens and an unusual outcropping of mantle rock locally called the Tablelands. The dramatic landscape and unique geological story have earned Gros Morne National Park a UNESCO World Heritage Site designation. It is home to northern inhabitants like the Arctic hare, rock ptarmigan, and woodland caribou. Moose density is higher in Gros Morne than anywhere else in North America!
Gros Morne National Park surrounds seven small coastal communities. These communities began around the early 1800ís as migratory fishermen and their families decided to over winter in this area after the fishing season rather than returning to their homes in other regions of Newfoundland, France and England. Given this human history, it is not surprising that within each community you will find a lifestyle built around self sufficiency and ingenuity.
Today, these communities are transforming from fishing villages to service centres providing visitors with places to stay (inns, hotels, B&Bís, cottages and campgrounds), places to eat, nature based tours (boat tours, aquarium tours, sea kayaking tours, hiking tours) and opportunities to purchase locally produced crafts. Grocery stores, local entertainment, visitor information and transportation services are also available. Most communities are located along the coast overlooking the Gulf of St. Lawrence or nestled in the fjord of Bonne Bay.
May to August
Bonne Bay Marine Station, Dr. Henry N. Payne Community Museum and Craft Shop, Discovery Centre, Jacob A. Crocker House, Jenniex House, St. Patricks Church, Trout River Fishermens Museum, Trout River Interpretation Centre, Green Point Trail, Gros Morne Attractions Fun Park, Old Mail Road Trail, Old Mail Road Trail, Lobster Cove Head Lighthouse, Gros Morne Theatre, Cow Head Shallow Bay Beach
Bonne Bay Marine Station: A world-class research and teaching facility, the Bonne Bay Marine Station on Newfoundland's breath-taking west coast is dedicated to expanding knowledge of marine ecology. A world-class research and teaching facility, the Bonne Bay Marine Station on Newfoundland's breath-taking west coast is dedicated to expanding knowledge of marine ecology. Bonne Bay area exhibits unparalleled diversity of habitat, marine plants, fish and invertebrates. This diversity cannot be matched anywhere else in north-eastern North America.
Dr. Henry N. Payne Community Museum and Craft Shop: The artifacts depict the rich cultural heritage of Cow Head through theme exhibits of this small outport community. A variety of handicrafts and local products are available at craft shop.
Discovery Centre: Gros Morne National Park is a world of spectacular landscapes and uncrowded spaces. Declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1987, the park is internationally renowned for its scenic beauty and unique geological features. To look closer into the forces of nature that have shaped the land and the people on this World Heritage coast, be sure to visit Discovery Centre. Learn more about geology, plant and animal life, marine story and human history.
Jacob A. Crocker House: The Jake Crocker House, a two storey biscuit box style house built circa 1898, is a representative example of an early twentieth century fisherman's dwelling on the west coast of the province. This vernacular house type was built by fishermen in the Bonne Bay region in the late 1800s and early 1900s and few unaltered examples presently exist in the area. It represents the vernacular style of ordinary fishermen and the permanence of their building technology and way of life.
Jenniex House: Experiencing the rugged beauty and breathtaking scenes of Gros Morne National Park one can just imagine what it must have been like to live from day to day and scratch a living from the land or sea in this diverse landscape. One can do just that by visiting the Jenniex House which has been restored and filled with artifacts donated or put on loan to the house by immediate family members, by relatives and by friends of the Jenniex family. Originally the Jenniex House was built in Neddies Harbour in 1926. The house was built on the beach partly placed over the water.
St. Patricks Church: The oldest church in the Bay St. George's Diocese (1875) is newly restored. This impressive wooden structure features a high hand carved ceiling, original furnishings and artifacts. This impressive wooden structure features a high hand-carved ceiling, original furnishings and artifacts.
Trout River Fishermens Museum: The museum is dedicated to preserving the local fishing heritage. Exhibits showcase methods and equipment used in the traditional inshore fishery.
Trout River Interpretation Centre: An information and educational experience! Artifacts and displays offer a glimpse into the unique heritage of Trout River. Features includes a mini theatre, live performances, a 3D geological display and a salt water touch tank.
Green Point Trail: The large rounded boulders of Green Point provide a great platform from which to watch the sunset, and always draws a crowd to the beach. It follows the old mail road along a beach, small ponds and coastal tuckamore.
Gros Morne Attractions Fun Park: It provides Water rides, canoeing, pedal boats, 18-hole mini-golf course, sea-doos, go-carts, kiddies' train ride.
Old Mail Road Trail: An easy 1.5-2 hour, 4 km walk between the sand dunes and the campground at Shallow Bay. Wonderful dappled light and access to sandy beach.
Woody Point Heritage Theatre and Museum: It offers live traditional music and comedy, also local theatre. Building was former L.O.L. Hall built in 1908. Museum is on upper floor and the pictures and artifacts depict rich history of Bonne Bay area
Lobster Cove Head Lighthouse: The Lighthouse is a park interpretive exhibit and contains artifacts, historical documents, and photographs. One room portrays how the light keeper's den would have looked in the early part of the 1900's.
Gros Morne Theatre: Located in Cow Head, the theatre group consisting of actors from all over the island, depicts life in Newfoundland and Labrador as it is today as well as in the past. Take in the Drama performances, the Neddy Norris Nights, the S.S. Ethie, and special guests on a nightly bases. The group also travels to other parts of the park so, be on the lookout of their performances.
Cow Head Shallow Bay Beach: This 10 kilometre beach is opened to the ocean. Stroll for hours or walk swim in the fresh Atlantic Ocean. The beach contains remarkable sand dunes which have been the result of thousands of years of weather and ocean movements.
The nearest airport to Gros Morne National Park, with scheduled commercial airline service, is located in Deer Lake, just 32 km from the park entrance at Wiltondale. The simplest way from the Deer Lake Airport to Gros Morne National Park is by rented car. Several major car rental agencies operate out of the Deer Lake Airport. There are bus services that can also provide transportation from the town of Deer Lake to Gros Morne National Park.
Gros Morne National Park and the surrounding enclave communities of Trout River, Woody Point, Rocky Harbour, Norris Point, and Cow Head are served by scheduled bus service. Whether arriving on the island by ferry or airline, a connecting bus service to Gros Morne National Park is available.
Neddies Harbour Inn, Sugar Hill Inn, Red Mantle Lodge, Berry Hill Campground, Lomond River Lodge, Waters Edge RV Park, Fishermans Landing Inn, Gros Morne Resort, Burnt Hill Cottages, Gros Morne Tourist Apartments, Terrys Cottage