A hundred years ago, Germany was divided into many small states. In one of these states, Prussia, the chancellor or chief minister to the king, was Otto Von Bismarck. A strong and ruthless man, Bismarck built Prussia into the strongest of all German states and made its army feared throughout Europe. When the states were gathered into one empire in 1871, Bismarck, now a prince, and his king, now an emperor, were at their head and were the chancellors. Prince Bismarck continued to make the new empire stronger. He got his nickname of ‘The Iron Chancellor’ when he said Germany could become a great power “through blood and iron”.