The National Institute of Malaria Research has developed guidelines on diagnosis and treatment of malaria:
• Chloroquine is given to the patient and dose is given depending upon the body weight of the patient. The use of Chloroquine has led to the emergence of many Chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria cases. For such individuals, a drug called Artemisinin is given.
• Avoid giving anti-malarial drugs on an empty stomach. Always give the first dose under observation.
• Give plenty of fluids.
• If no improvement occurs within 48 hours, call the doctor.
• Look for any warning signs of dehydration, reduced urine output, bleeding, seizures or coma.