Jhansi Ki Rani
Rani of Jhansi was unhappy about being forcibly retired by the British in 1853, so when the Indian Mutiny burst into flame four years later, she was in the forefront of the rebellion at Jhansi. The British contingent in Jhansi were massacred, but the following year the rebel forces were still quarrelling among themselves and the British retook Jhansi. The rani fled to Gwalior and, in a valiant last stand, she rode out against the British, disguised as a man, and was killed. She has since become a heroine of the Indian independence movement, a sort of central Indian Joan of Arc.
Author: Subhadhra Kumari Chauhan > Subhadra Kumari Chauhan (1904-1948) was an Indian poetess famous for her emotionally charged Hindi songs. She was born in a village called Nihalpur in Allahabad District. After her marriage to Thakur Laxman Singh of Khandwa in 1919, she moved to Jabalpur. She joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921 and was the first woman Satyagrahi to court arrest in Nagpur. She was jailed twice for her involvement in protests against the British rule. She has authored a number of popular works in Hindi poetry. Her most famous composition is Jhansi Ki Rani, an emotionally charged poem describing the life of Rani Lakshmi Bai. The poem is one of the most recited and sung poems in Hindi literature. This and her other poems, Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant, Rakhi Ki Chunauti and Vida, openly talk about the freedom movement. They are said to have inspired great numbers of Indian youth to participate in the Indian Freedom Movement.
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan writes in the Khariboli dialect of Hindi, in a simple, clear style. Apart from poems of heroism, she has also written poems for children. She also wrote some short stories based on the life of the middle class. She died in 1948 in a car accident. An Indian Coast Guard ship has been named after her.