After the fall of the Mughal empire and the later establishment of a Sikh nation in the Punjab region, the Khalsa became an
instrumental force in the new risen political frames with the inception of a Sikh monarchy: the Khalsa was created a
democratic body, and could oppose the Maharaja of Punjab. By the time of death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1839, the regular army of Punjab was assessed by Sir Lepel Griffin at 29000 men, with 192 artillery guns. The irregular levies were estimated at a similar number.