The Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery in Mysore is considered one of the best art galleries in South India because of its excellent collection of paintings and artifacts that once belonged to the Wodeyars of Mysore. The three-storied Jaganmohan Palace was converted into this art gallery in 1875. The Jayachamarajendra art gallery has a remarkable collection of Rembrandt paintings. This collection is so unique that such works of Rembrandt can be found nowhere in the world except in Russia. The western collection section of the museum has works by master like P.P. Ruben, Titan, A. Caddy and miniature paintings by Gunoy.
The gallery also has the rare and valuable art collection made by Col. Scott, a British Army Officer, who served in the British Army that fought against Tippu Sultan. But this collection was shifted to Srirangapatna in 1950. The gallery also boasts of a collection of Gravure prints by Britsih Army officers showing details of the Mysore wars against HyderAli and Tipu Sultan. One hall has exclusively been used to display the exquisite works of the famous Kerala prince -painter, Raja Ravi Varma. His paintings depict various incidents from the epics and these paintings attract a huge number of visitors to the Art Gallery.
On display at the gallery are traditional gold leaf paintings of the Mysore, Bengal and European Schools. This collection includes traditional paintings dating back to 1875. The other famous artists whose works are displayed at the gallery include Nikolav Roerich of Russia, Jiladin Ville of Germant, Sterling of England and Colton of Italy. The Indian artists displayed include Mysore K. Venkatappa, Raja Rama Varma who was the brother of Raja Ravi Verma, Ishwardas, Haldenkar, Subbukrishna and M. Verappa. M. Ramanarasaiah was the Palace artist and was responsible for the exhibits in the gallery. He was the curator of the gallery for a long time and has made a number of paintings of the Mysore royal family. Before him the renowned artist G. Venkatachalam was the Curator.