Location: Northern part of the Korean Peninsula, between the Yellow and East China seas and the Sea of Japan. North Korea has borders with the Russia, China and South Korea.
Area: 120,538 sq km
National composition: Koreans
Currency: Won = 100 chon
Administrative divisions: 9 provinces and 4 independent municipalities with the status of provinces
Other major cities: Chongjin, Hungnam, Kaesong
Highest elevation: Paektu-San (2,744 m) in the Pait’ou Shan
Chief rivers: Yalu (Amnok), Tumen (Tuman)
North Korea is mostly mountainous, with some lowlands on the Yellow Sea coast. More than half of the land is forested and wild animals include the bear, crane, goral (goat antelope), sable and tiger.
Farming, forestry and fishing employ 49 per cent of the workforce with 33 per cent in industry. Maize, potatoes and wheat are the leading crops, but soya beans, spices, sweet potatoes and tobacco are also cultivated, as is ginseng root, which is used in medicine. The country has greater mineral resources than South Korea, including coal, gold, graphite, iron ore and non-ferrous metals. There are sizeable light and heavy industries.