System of government: Socialist Republic (called Democratic Kampuchea) Capital: Phnom Penh Location: In south-eastern Asia on the Gulf of Thailand, bordered by Vietnam, Laos and Thailand Area: 181,035 sq km National composition: Mostly Khmer; Chinese, Vietnamese, Lao minorities Religion:Buddhism Official language: Khmer Currency: Riel = 100 sen Administrative divisions: 24 provinces Other major cities: Battambang Chief river: Mekong Largest lake: Tonle Sap Climate: Tropical monsoon type
Kampuchea, formerly called Cambodia, consists largely of an alluvial plain covered by forest or savanna. The forests yield much valuable timber and natural rubber. About 15 percent of Kampuchea is farmland and agriculture employs four-fifths of the work-force. The main crops are maize, manioc, peppers, rice, soya beans, sweet potatoes and tobacco. Farmers rear cattle and buffaloes, which are used as beasts of burden. The staple food is rice, supplemented by fish. Mineral resources are few and industry is concerned chiefly with the processing of farm produce and fish.