Location: A group of islands in the Gulf of Bahrain (part of the Persian Gulf) off the coast of Saudi Arabia
Area: 622 sq km
National composition: Arabs
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Bahrain dinar = 1,000 fils
Climate: Hot and arid
Bahrain’s economy is based entirely on oil, although revenue from oil sales is being used to develop other industries and to finance free social services. Citrus and orchard fruits, dates and grapes are grown around oases and some people are fishermen or pearl and sponge divers.