Be it in general life or at the time of festivals, in Sikhism, all worship is directed to the holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib. Originally compiled by the first guru of Sikhs, Guru Nanak, the book was later edited by Guru Arjan, the fifth guru. It was brought to its final form by the last of the Sikh gurus, Guru Gobind Singh. The Guru Granth takes the place of a deity, and is revered as a god. People circumambulate it and bow down before it. At the time of Sikh festivals, public processions, in which Guru Granth Sahib is taken out on a palanquin, are undertaken.
Sikhs observe the birthdays of all their 10 gurus with much fanfare. However, it is the birthdays of the first and the last gurus, Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh, where the celebrations take the form of major festivals. The other day that Sikhs hold in reverence is Baisakhi, or the day when Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa sect, in the year 1699. With bhakti being central to the religion, Sikhism employs a lot of music and song in its attempt to gain union with God. Its festivals are marked by the singing of gurbani, or holy songs, and readings from the holy book.
The great strength of the Sikhs lies in their sense of brotherhood and community. It plays a part in their daily life, and particularly during their festivals, when temple-worship, reading the holy book and communal mingling take precedence over public celebrations. When it comes to exploring the feelings of Sikhs during festivals, we get, on one side, their intensely moving religious songs – gurbanis, and on the other, their hearty dances and rhythmic and infectious music. The Sikhs are robust and hearty people, and this reflects in the way celebrate their festivals.
|Sikh Festivals Calendar 2020|
|January||02, Thursday||Guru Govind Singh Jayanti|
|31, Friday||Birthday of Guru Har Rai (Nanakshahi Calendar)|
|March||10, Tuesday||Holla Mohalla|
|18, Saturday||Birthday of Guru Angad Dev (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|18, Saturday||Birthday of Guru Tegh Bahadur (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|May||02, Saturday||Birthday of Guru Arjan Dev (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|23, Saturday||Birthday of Guru Amar Das (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|June||16, Tuesday||Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev (Nanakshahi Calendar)|
|July||05, Sunday||Birthday of Guru Hargobind (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|23, Thursday||Birthday of Guru Har Krishan (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|October||09, Friday||Birthday of Guru Ram Das (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|24, Tuesday||Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur (Nanakshahi calendar)|
|30, Monday||Guru Nanak Jayanti|