Martyrs Day marks the death anniversary of the father of nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was assassinated on Jan 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse. Godse held Gandhi responsible for the partition of India thus he shot Gandhi Ji. For this evil deed Godse was hanged on November 15, 1949.
Originally the martyrdom of the soldiers while defending the sovereignty of the country during the freedom struggle was remembered on Republic Day, January 26, and this gave way to January 30.
On this day not only Prime Minister and chiefs of the armed forces salute the martyrs at India Gate but also common men show their gratitude towards them by giving up their normal activities for some time and observing silence for 2 minutes.
Sirens are blown at every government establishment around 11 am. At that time everyone, be it in industrial units or government offices even the commoners stop their work and observe silence for two minutes as a remembrance of the martyred souls. The siren again blows after two minutes, i.e. around 11.02 am allowing resuming work.
The day sees the triumphant celebrations, showcasing the latest weapon achievement and advertising military might.
The followers of Mahatma Gandhi worship him and quote – He is the greatest human being so far appeared on this earth. Bapu is a symbol of virtues and greatness. This man lived the life of a saint.
His status of Father of the Nation cannot be challenged as the political party led by him enjoyed full monopoly after independence. He believed in anti violent ideologies. Gandhi and his followers played a significant role in ousting British.
January, 30 is a Martyrs’ day to remember the freedom fighters of our country, where as January 25, is considered as a Martyrs’ day to remember those who lost their lives in the Anti-Hindi agitations during 1937-38 and 1965.