Human Rights Day: 10 December
All the member states and interested organizations were invited to celebrate this day. The High Commissioner office of the Human Rights was awarded by the Guinness World Record for the collection, translation (around 380 languages) and distribution of the worldwide announcement of the Human Rights. At this event celebration, a global discussion on the human rights is also hosted by the High Commissioner through the social media websites.
HRD: How to Celebrated
The day is celebrated by organizing the political conferences, meetings, exhibitions, cultural events, debates and many more programs to discuss all the issues of human rights. Several governmental, civil and nongovernmental associations actively take part in the human rights event celebration.
Human rights day is celebrated by deciding a particular theme to make this celebration more effective and successful. Human poverty in any country is the greatest human rights challenge. One of the major goals of celebrating the human rights day is to eradicate the poverty from the life of human being and help them in getting the well being life. Various other programs including music, drama, dance, fine art and etc are held focusing to help people to learn their rights.
Most of the events held at this day are aimed to instruct people, children as well as teenagers about their human right. Some of the protest activities are also held in order to aware the people from areas where the human rights are unrecognized or disrespected.
HRD: Why Celebrate
Human rights day is the worldwide observance celebrated by the people all across the world to get the real rights for the human beings. This day is celebrated to improve the physical, social, cultural and spiritual well being and welfare of the vulnerable group of people globally. Some of the important reasons of why do we celebrate and objectives are:
- To promote the awareness about human rights among the people all around the world.
- To emphasize the endeavors of the United Nations General Assembly in order to progress the overall human rights conditions.
- To get together and celebrate in cooperation to discuss and highlight the specific issues of the human rights.
- To encourage the vulnerable group of people like women, minorities, youth, poor, disabled person, indigenous people and etc to take part in this event celebration and political decision-making.
- Theme of 2012 was “Inclusion and the right to participate in public life” and “Universal Declaration of Human Rights”.
- Theme of 2013 was “20 Years: Working for Your Rights”.
- Theme of 2014 was “Celebrating 20 years of changing lives through Human Rights”.
- Theme of 2015 was “Our Rights, Our Freedoms, Always”.
- Theme of 2016 was “Stand up for someone’s rights today”.
- Theme of 2017 was “Let’s stand up for equality, justice and human dignity”.
- Theme of 2018 is yet to be declared.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted on 10 December 1948. The date has since served to mark Human Rights Day worldwide. The High Commissioner for Human Rights, as the main UN rights official, and her Office play a major role in coordinating efforts for the yearly observance of Human Rights Day. The day commemorates the work of human rights organizations and all those people with consistent efforts and defend the human rights worldwide.
The existence of Human Rights Day came into effect when United Nations Assembly has adopted the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was the first global enactment for human rights. All over the world many people among them some are renowned and some are anonymous whether in groups, organization or being alone working towards the campaign of Human Rights in order to end discrimination. Many governmental and non-governmental organizations are also actively participated in various activities of Human Rights Day so that people everywhere of the world learn about their Human Rights.
The United Nation’s General Assembly proclaims the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. The Human Rights Day promotes and spread awareness about the following articles under UDHR:
- All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
- Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
- Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
- No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
- No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
- Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
- All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
- Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
- No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
- Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
- Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
- Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
Human Rights Day in India
In India, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has been constituted under Human Right Act 1993. This has been the milestone of promotion and protection of human rights in Indian society. In India the celebration of Human Rights Day on December 10, gives us an opportunity to judge the accountability to human rights standards. The day is also celebrated to promote the universal human rights: to live and to do so peacefully. Human Rights issues in India relate to trafficking of women and children, food security, right to education and health, disappearance of persons, displacement of persons due to disasters, conflicts and development, child labor, custodial deaths, violation of Human Rights in prisons and the disabled etc. On these issues, the Commission is not only dealing with individual cases but also issuing policy guidelines for implementing agencies.