The existence of Human Rights Day came into effect when United Nations Assembly has adopted the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was the first global enactment for human rights. All over the world many people among them some are renowned and some are anonymous whether in groups, organization or being alone working towards the campaign of Human Rights in order to end discrimination. Many governmental and non-governmental organizations are also actively participated in various activities of Human Rights Day so that people everywhere of the world learn about their Human Rights.
The United Nation’s General Assembly proclaims the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. The Human Rights Day promotes and spread awareness about the following articles under UDHR:
- All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
- Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
- Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
- No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
- No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
- Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
- All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
- Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
- No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
- Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
- Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
- Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
Human Rights Day in India
In India, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has been constituted under Human Right Act 1993. This has been the milestone of promotion and protection of human rights in Indian society. In India the celebration of Human Rights Day on December 10, gives us an opportunity to judge the accountability to human rights standards. The day is also celebrated to promote the universal human rights: to live and to do so peacefully. Human Rights issues in India relate to trafficking of women and children, food security, right to education and health, disappearance of persons, displacement of persons due to disasters, conflicts and development, child labor, custodial deaths, violation of Human Rights in prisons and the disabled etc. On these issues, the Commission is not only dealing with individual cases but also issuing policy guidelines for implementing agencies.