The word Sikh means disciple. They are the disciples of their ten Gurus, namely, Guru Angad (Guru 1539-52), Guru Amar Das (Guru 1552-74); Guru Ram Das (Guru 1574-81); Guru Arjan (Guru 1581-1606); Guru Hargobind (Guru 1606-44); Guru Har Rai (Guru 1644-61); Guru Harkrishan (Guru 1661-64); Guru Tegh Bahadur (Guru 1664-75) and Guru Gobind Singh (Guru 1675-1708).
Guru Har Gobind was the sixth guru of the Sikhs. Guru Hargobind Sahib was born at village Guru Ki Wadali in Amritsar district on Harh Vadi 7th (21 Harh), Samvat 1652 according to Nanakshahi calendar that corresponds to 19th June, 1595 as per Gregorian calendar.
Guru Ki Wadali, Amritsar District, Punjab
Guru Hargobind Sahib succeeded Guru Arjan Dev Ji Sahib in 1606 when he was just eleven years old.
Guru Hargobind Sahib carried two swords which are the symbols of shakti (power) and bhakti (meditation). One sword was called ‘Piri’ that was for Spiritual authority and the other for martial Power called ‘Miri’. Riding, hunting, wrestling and scores of other martial sports were introduced. Dhadd-players used to sing the martial songs like ‘Vars’ to motivate the Sikhs of heroic deeds.
Thus, Sikhs became a military force and always continuously on feet to safeguard their independence.
Guru Sahib gave preaching and praying to the Sikhs and discussions were held on the problems of the Sikh nation. It was insisted that they should resolve their own disputes on their own thus contributed in strengthening the Sikh nation.
Thousands of Sikhs visit the Golden Temple to celebrate the ordination day or ‘Gurgaddi Divas’ of Guru Hargobind Sahib on Guru Hargobind Jayanti. Devotees take a dip into the lake surrounding the most revered Golden Temple; they consider the water of river equal to nectar.
Guru Hargobind spent last few years of his life in Kiratpur Sahib and finally his soul departed in 1644. His major contribution to Sikhism is seen by transforming the Sikhs into soldier-saints.