American History Timeline (1675 – 1700)
American History Timeline: 1675
- King Philip’s War begins when King Philips leads the Wampanoag Indians against Swansea.
- The New England Confederation declares war on King Philip and each colony is required to provide men for a combined force.
- King Philip achieves a decisive victory at Bloody Brook on September 18.
- In March, the Indians attack Plymouth, Massachusetts and Providence, Rhode Island.
- Nathaniel Bacon is declared a traitor and is arrested. He is later pardoned for this when he admits his guilt.
- In June, the colonists with the Mohegan Indians defeat King Philip’s men at Hadley.
- Nathaniel Bacon writes the “Declaration of the People of Virginia.”
- In June, Nathaniel Bacon assembles a group of 500 men leading them to Jamestown in what comes to be known as Bacon’s Rebellion.
- Virginia planters agree to support Nathaniel Bacon.
- King Philip’s War ends on August 22 when the Indians surrender.
- Bacon burns Jamestown on September 19.
- On October, 18, Nathaniel Bacon dies. The rebel army surrenders when promised amnesty.
- Virginia Governor Berkeley executes 23 of the rebels from Bacon’s Rebellion in direct defiance of the crown. He is later replaced by Colonel Jeffreys as the head of Virginia.
- Increase Mather writes “The Troubles That Have Happened in New England.”
- King Philip’s War is formally brought to an end.
- The French (Rene Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle, and Father Louis Hennepin) find Niagara Falls while exploring Canada.
American History Timeline: 1680
- New Hampshire is separated from Massachusetts by royal decree.
- William Penn receives a royal charter to set up Pennsylvania.
- Frenchman Sieur de la Salle claims the land at the mouth of the Mississippi for France and calls it Louisiana.
- William Penn writes “Frame for Government” that provides for a precursor of a bicameral government.
- The charter for Massachusetts Bay Colony is revoked.
- The Duke of York becomes King James II and makes New York a royal province.
- William Penn is given jurisdiction over Delaware.
- The number of French Huguenot settlers in America increases after King Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes that protected their religious freedom.
- Increase Mather is named President of Harvard College.
- King James II creates the Dominion of New England and names Sir Edmund Andros as governor general.
- William Penn publishes “The Excellent Privilege of Liberty and Property”.
- Governor Edmund Andros places the militia of New England under his direct control.
- The earliest known antislavery tract is released in the colonies by the Quakers at Germantown, Pennsylvania.
• The Glorious Revolution occurs in which King James II (Catholic) flees to France and is replaced by William and Mary of Orange (Protestant).
- William and Mary of Orange are officially named King and Queen of England.
- Governor Andros surrenders to colonial rebels and is put in jail.
- New England colonies begin re-instituting their own governments after Governor Andros is removed from power.
- The Toleration Acts are passed by Parliament which gives limited Freedom of Religion to citizens.
- A Bill of Rights is passed by Parliament as a statue.
American History Timeline: 1690
- King William’s War begins when the combined forces of the French and the Indians attack towns in New York, Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts.
- William Penn makes Delaware a separate government from Pennsylvania.
- Maryland is declared a Royal province removing Lord Baltimore from political power.
- Plymouth Colony becomes part of Massachusetts.
- William III takes the throne.
- Pennsylvania is named a royal colony.
- Salem Witchcraft trials occur. 20 persons are executed before the trials end.
- College of William and Mary is founded in Williamsburg, Virginia.
- North Carolina is designated.
- Colonists sign a peace treaty with the Iroquois to keep them from allying with the French in the future.
- Pennsylvania is once again named a Proprietary Colony.
- Navigation Acts of 1696 are passed by Parliament that limit all colonial trade to English-built vessels among other things.
- The Treaty of Ryswick ends King William’s War and restores all colonial possessions to pre-war ownership.
- Pirate Captain Kidd is captured and sent to England where he will be executed in 1701.
- Wool Act is passed by Parliament to protect the British wool industry. It forbids the export of wool from the American colonies.
- Massachusetts requires all Roman Catholic priests to leave the colony within three months or be arrested.
- Boston is the largest city in the American colonies and the overall population of the colonies numbers around 275,000.
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The American Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865 and led to over 618,000 casualties. …