Scotland is located in northern Europe and is bounded by the North Sea, the Atlantic Ocean and England. It is around half the size of England, but most of its landmass is comprised of moorlands, mountains and about 800 islands.
From their debut in 1930 Commonwealth Games in Hamilton when they were represented by 15 athletes the Scots have taken part in every Games since, winning medals every time they have participated. At the 2006 Games in Melbourne the Scots took home a total of 29 medals, 11 of which were gold.
Edinburgh became the first city to hold the Games twice in 1970 and 1986. In 2000, Scotland inaugurated the 'Millennium' Commonwealth Youth Games which is now held every four years.
Scottish Commonwealth Games champions include boxer Dick McTaggart, sprinter Allan Wells, distance runner Liz McColgan, cyclist Chris Hoy and swimmer David Wilkie - all of whom won Olympic medals. Multiple diving gold medallist Sir Peter Heatly contributed even further by managing Scottish teams and later chairing the Commonwealth Games Federation.
The Commonwealth Games is the only multi sport event where Scotland competes as a nation and responsibility for organising their participation sits with Commonwealth Games Scotland (CGS).
The Scottish city Glasgow will host the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
Capital - Edinburgh
Area - 244,110 sq km
Population - 5,120,000
Time Zone - GMT +00:00
Language - English, Gaelic
Currency - Pound Sterling (£)