Padma Awards: Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan & Padma Shri

Padma Awards: Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan & Padma Shri

Padma Awards – one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. The Awards are given in various disciplines / fields of activities, viz.- art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service, etc. ‘Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order and ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field. The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year.

History:

Padma Awards were instituted in the year 1954. Except for brief interruptions during the years 1977 to 1980 and 1993 to 1997, these awards have been announced every year on Republic Day. The award is given in three categories, viz. Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri, in the decreasing order of importance.

  • Padma Vibhushan for “exceptional and distinguished service”. Padma Vibhushan is the second-highest civilian award in India.
  • Padma Bhushan for “distinguished service of a high order”. Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award in India.
  • Padma Shri is awarded for “distinguished service”. Padma Shri is the fourth-highest civilian award in India.

Unlike national honors, the Padma awards do not include cash allowances, benefits, or special concessions in rail / air travel. Per a December 1995 judgment of the Supreme Court of India, no titles or honorifics are associated with the Bharat Ratna or any of the Padma awards; honorees cannot use them or their initials as suffixes, prefixes or pre- and post-nominals attached to the awardee’s name. This includes any such use on letterheads, invitation cards, posters, books etc. In the case of any misuse, the awardee will forfeit the award, and he or she is cautioned against any such misuse upon receiving the honour.

  • The decoration comprises a sanad (Certificate) issued under the hand and seal of the President and a Medallion.
  • The recipients are also given a replica of the medallion, which they can wear during any ceremonial / State functions etc., if they desire.
  • A commemorative brochure giving out brief details in respect of each award winner is also released on the day of the investiture ceremony.

Selection Process:

These awards seek to recognize work of any distinction… and is given for distinguished and exceptional achievements / service in all fields of activities / disciplines, such as art, literature and education, sports, medicine, social work, science and engineering, public affairs, civil service, trade and industry, etc. All persons without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex are eligible for these awards.

In 2015, the BJP government decided to end the practice of ministers recommending names for Padma awards and replaced it with any Indian citizen recommending a person for Padma awards online. The government said that this was done with the belief that every citizen has something to contribute to the nation and that contribution should be integrated with the country’s growth. Accordingly, several hitherto unknown citizens were awarded Padma awards in 2017. The role of the state governments was also minimized.

Padma Awards 2020

These awards are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial functions which are held at Rashtrapati Bhawan usually around March / April every year. This year the President has approved conferment of 141 Padma Awards including 4 duo cases (in a duo case, the Award is counted as one) as per list below. The list comprises 7 Padma Vibhushan, 16 Padma Bhushan and 118 Padma Shri Awards. 33 of the awardees are women and the list also includes 18 persons from the category of Foreigners / NRI / PIO / OCI and 12 Posthumous awardees.

Padma Vibhushan (7)

Name
Field
State/Country
George Fernandes (Posthumous)
Public Affairs
Bihar
Arun Jaitley (Posthumous)
Public Affairs
New Delhi
Anerood Jugnauth GCSK
Public Affairs
Mauritius
M. C. Mary Kom
Sports
Manipur
Chhannulal Mishra
Art
Uttar Pradesh
Sushma Swaraj (Posthumous)
Public Affairs
New Delhi
Vishveshateertha Swamiji Sri Pejavara Adhokhaja Matha Udupi (Posthumous)
Others – Spiritualism
Karnataka

Padma Bhushan (18)

  1. M. Mumtaz Ali (Sri M) Others – Spiritualism Kerala
  2. Syed Muazzem Ali (Posthumous) Public Affairs Bangladesh
  3. Muzaffar Hussain Baig Public Affairs Jammu and Kashmir
  4. Ajoy Chakravorty Art West Bengal
  5. Manoj Das Literature and Education Puducherry
  6. Balkrishna Doshi Others – Architecture Gujarat
  7. Krishnammal Jagannathan Social Work Tamil Nadu
  8. S. C. Jamir Public Affairs Nagaland
  9. Anil Prakash Joshi Social Work Uttarakhand
  10. Dr. Tsering Landol Medicine Ladakh
  11. Anand Mahindra Trade and Industry Maharashtra
  12. Neelakanta Ramakrishna Madhava Menon (Posthumous) Public Affairs Kerala
  13. Manohar Gopalkrishna Prabhu Parrikar (Posthumous) Public Affairs Goa
  14. Prof. Jagdish Sheth Literature and Education USA
  15. P. V. Sindhu Sports Telangana
  16. Venu Srinivasan Trade and Industry Tamil Nadu

Padma Shri (118)

  1. Guru Shashadhar Acharya Art Jharkhand
  2. Dr. Yogi Aeron Medicine Uttarakhand
  3. Jai Prakash Agarwal Trade and Industry Delhi
  4. Jagdish Lal Ahuja Social Work Punjab
  5. Kazi Masum Akhtar Literature and Education West Bengal
  6. Gloria Arieira Literature and Education Brazil
  7. Khan Zaheerkhan Bakhtiyarkhan Sports Maharashtra
  8. Dr. Padmavathy Bandopadhyay Medicine Uttar Pradesh
  9. Dr. Sushovan Banerjee Medicine West Bengal
  10. Dr. Digambar Behera Medicine Chandigarh
  11. Dr. Damayanti Beshra Literature and Education Odisha
  12. Pawar Popatrao Bhaguji Social Work Maharashtra
  13. Himmata Ram Bhambhu Social Work Rajasthan
  14. Sanjeev Bikhchandani Trade and Industry Uttar Pradesh
  15. Gafurbhai M. Bilakhia Trade and Industry Gujarat
  16. Bob Blackman Public Affairs United Kingdom
  17. Indira P. P. Bora Art Assam
  18. Madan Singh Chauhan Art Chhattisgarh
  19. Usha Chaumar Social Work Rajasthan
  20. Lil Bahadur Chettri Literature and Education Assam
  21. Lalitha & Ms. Saroja Chidambaram (Duo)* Art Tamil Nadu
  22. Dr. Vajira Chitrasena Art Sri Lanka
  23. Dr. Purushottam Dadheech Art Madhya Pradesh
  24. Utsav Charan Das Art Odisha
  25. Prof. Indra Dassanayake (Posthumous) Literature and Education Sri Lanka
  26. H. M. Desai Literature and Education Gujarat
  27. Manohar Devadoss Art Tamil Nadu
  28. Oinam Bembem Devi Sports Manipur
  29. Lia Diskin Social Work Brazil
  30. M. P. Ganesh Sports Karnataka
  31. Dr. Bangalore Gangadhar Medicine Karnataka
  32. Dr. Raman Gangakhedkar Science and Engineering Maharashtra
  33. Barry Gardiner Public Affairs United Kingdom
  34. Chewang Motup Goba Trade and Industry Ladakh
  35. Bharat Goenka Trade and Industry Karnataka
  36. Yadla Gopalarao Art Andhra Pradesh
  37. Mitrabhanu Gountia Art Odisha
  38. Tulasi Gowda Social Work Karnataka
  39. Sujoy K. Guha Science and Engineering Bihar
  40. Harekala Hajabba Social Work Karnataka
  41. Enamul Haque Others-Archaeology Bangladesh
  42. Madhu Mansuri Hasmukh Art Jharkhand
  43. Abdul Jabbar (Posthumous) Social Work Madhya Pradesh
  44. Bimal Kumar Jain Social Work Bihar
  45. Meenakshi Jain Literature and Education Delhi
  46. Nemnath Jain Trade and Industry Madhya Pradesh
  47. Shanti Jain Art Bihar
  48. Sudhir Jain Science and Engineering Gujarat
  49. Benichandra Jamatia Literature and Education Tripura
  50. K. V. Sampath Kumar & Ms. Vidushi Jayalakshmi K.S. (Duo)* Literature and Education-Journalism Karnataka
  51. Karan Johar Art Maharashtra
  52. Dr. Leela Joshi Medicine Madhya Pradesh
  53. Sarita Joshi Art Maharashtra
  54. C. Kamlova Literature and Education Mizoram
  55. Dr. Ravi Kannan R. Medicine Assam
  56. Ekta Kapoor Art Maharashtra
  57. Yazdi Naoshirwan Karanjia Art Gujarat
  58. Narayan J. Joshi Karayal Literature and Education Gujarat
  59. Dr. Narindar Nath Khanna Medicine Uttar Pradesh
  60. Naveen Khanna Science and Engineering Delhi
  61. S. P. Kothari Literature and Education USA
  62. V. K. Munusamy Krishnapakthar Art Puducherry
  63. M. K. Kunjol Social Work Kerala
  64. Manmohan Mahapatra (Posthumous) Art Odisha
  65. Ustad Anwar Khan Mangniyar Art Rajasthan
  66. Kattungal Subramaniam Manilal Science and Engineering Kerala
  67. Munna Master Art Rajasthan
  68. Prof. Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra Literature and Education Himachal Pradesh
  69. Binapani Mohanty Literature and Education Odisha
  70. Dr. Arunoday Mondal Medicine West Bengal
  71. Dr. Prithwindra Mukherjee Literature and Education France
  72. Sathyanarayan Mundayoor Social Work Arunachal Pradesh
  73. Manilal Nag Art West Bengal
  74. N. Chandrasekharan Nair Literature and Education Kerala
  75. Dr. Tetsu Nakamura (Posthumous) Social Work Afghanistan
  76. Shiv Datt Nirmohi Literature and Education Jammu and Kashmir
  77. Pu Lalbiakthanga Pachuau Literature and Education-Journalism Mizoram
  78. Moozhikkal Pankajakshi Art Kerala
  79. Dr. Prasanta Kumar Pattanaik Literature and Education USA
  80. Jogendra Nath Phukan Literature and Education Assam
  81. Rahibai Soma Popere Others-Agriculture Maharashtra
  82. Yogesh Praveen Literature and Education Uttar Pradesh
  83. Jitu Rai Sports Uttar Pradesh
  84. Tarundeep Rai Sports Sikkim
  85. S. Ramakrishnan Social Work Tamil Nadu
  86. Rani Rampal Sports Haryana
  87. Kangana Ranaut Art Maharashtra
  88. Dalavai Chalapathi Rao Art Andhra Pradesh
  89. Shahbuddin Rathod Literature and Education Gujarat
  90. Kalyan Singh Rawat Social Work Uttarakhand
  91. Chintala Venkat Reddy Others-Agriculture Telangana
  92. Dr. Shanti Roy Medicine Bihar
  93. Radhammohan & Ms. Sabarmatee (Duo)* Others-Agriculture Odisha
  94. Batakrushna Sahoo Others-Animal Husbandry Odisha
  95. Trinity Saioo Others-Agriculture Meghalaya
  96. Adnan Sami Art Maharashtra
  97. Vijay Sankeshwar Trade and Industry Karnataka
  98. Dr. Kushal Konwar Sarma Medicine Assam
  99. Sayed Mehboob Shah Qadri alias Sayedbhai Social Work Maharashtra
  100. Mohammed Sharif Social Work Uttar Pradesh
  101. Shyam Sunder Sharma Art Bihar
  102. Dr. Gurdip Singh Medicine Gujarat
  103. Ramjee Singh Social Work Bihar
  104. Vashishtha Narayan Singh (Posthumous) Science and Engineering Bihar
  105. Daya Prakash Sinha Art Uttar Pradesh
  106. Dr. Sandra Desa Souza Medicine Maharashtra
  107. Vijayasarathi Sribhashyam Literature and Education Telangana
  108. Kalee Shabi Mahaboob & Shri Sheik Mahaboob Subani (Duo)* Art Tamil Nadu
  109. Javed Ahmad Tak Social Work Jammu and Kashmir
  110. Pradeep Thalappil Science and Engineering Tamil Nadu
  111. Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi Literature and Education Arunachal Pradesh
  112. Robert Thurman Literature and Education USA
  113. Agus Indra Udayana Social Work Indonesia
  114. Harish Chandra Verma Science and Engineering Uttar Pradesh
  115. Sundaram Verma Social Work Rajasthan
  116. Dr. Romesh Tekchand Wadhwani Trade and Industry USA
  117. Suresh Wadkar Art Maharashtra
  118. Prem Watsa Trade and Industry Canada

Note: * In duo case, the award is counted as one.

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