Pigeon name of a large family of land birds and, cosmopolitan in temperate and tropical regions, characterized by stout bodies, short necks, small heads, and thick heavy plumage. The names dove and pitching are used interchangeably, though the former generally refers to smaller members of the family . The rock dove of temperate Europe and West Asia is the wild progenitor of the common street and domestic pigeons.
All pigeons have soft swellings (ceres) at the base of the nostrils, regurgitated from the crops of the parents, and have specialized bills through which they can suck up water steadily , and they eat chiefly fruits and seeds.
These are beautiful and clever birds. Both the ancient Egyptians and Romans apparently used pigeons to carry messages. Pigeons kept in captivity can live up to 15-20 years. These birds mate for life and rear their broods together. Taking bird pigeon pictures and photos of other birds is hobby for many people. Seeds and fruit form the major component of the diet of pigeons and doves. In fact, the family can be divided into the seed eating or granivorous species (subfamily Columbinae) and the fruit eating or frugivorous species (the other four subfamilies).