The term peafowl can refer to the two species of bird in the genus pavo of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. The african congo peafowl is placed in its own genus afropavo and is not dealt with here. Peafowl are best known for the male's extravagant tail, which it displays as part of courtship. The male is called a peacock, the female a peahen, though it is common to hear the female also referred to as a "peacock" or "female peacock." The female peafowl is brown or toned grey and brown.
The Indian Peafowl is a resident breeder in the indian subcontinent. The peacock is designated as the national bird of India.
The Green Peafowl breeds from Burma east to Java. The iucn lists the green peafowl as vulnerable to extinction due to hunting and a reduction in extent and quality of habitat.
The indian peafowl is monotypic, while the green peafowl has 3 subspecies, P. muticus spicifer, P. m. imperator and the nominate P. m. muticus. The two species are largely allopatric but will hybridize in captivity.