Social Science Questions & Answers

Social Science Questions & Answers

Why is the ichneumon fly known as the farmer’s friends?

The ichneumon fly is known as the farmer’s friend because it controls a great many plant pests. Species have even been transported by man to colonize areas where artificial pest controls have not been successful. Ichneumon flies, of which there are thousands of species spread throughout the world, are parasitic and their larvae feed on caterpillars, pupae and larvae of …

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Why is the Forbidden City called so?

The Forbidden City, also known as Palace Museum, is a walled section of Beijing located right at its centre, enclosing the Imperial Palace, formerly the residence of the emperor of China. The ‘Forbidden City’ is the English equivalent of the Chinese name ‘Zijin Cheng’ – Jin meaning forbidden, with reference to the fact that no one could enter or leave …

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Why is the Cape of Good Hope so called?

In 1486, Bartholomew Diaz, a Portuguese nobleman set sail from Lisbon, determined to follow the African coast further than anyone had before. After he had passed the mouth of the Congo (now Zaire) River, a fierce storm sent his ship reeling out to sea. When the gales had blown themselves out, he tacked back to the coast and found to …

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Why is the bucket seat in automobiles called so?

According to some sources, the word bucket comes from the French word ‘baquet’ which means cockpit. A bucket seat is much more comfortable, especially for long journeys. Bucket seats came into use after WW II in small cars due to the lack of seating room for a third passenger on account of the presence of a floor-mounted gear handle.

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Why is the British flag called the ‘Union Jack’?

The Union Jack, the official flag of Britain since 1801, is really three separate flags in one, for it combines the English cross of St George, the Scottish cross of St Andrew and the Irish cross of St Patrick. England, Scotland and Ireland were originally independent countries, and the Union Jack symbolizes the fact that they now from the United …

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Why is the Black Sea called so?

In ancient times, colours were assigned to the cardinal directions – with black referring to the north. The Black Sea is an inland sea bound by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus, and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas and various straits. It was also called “inhospitable” (dark area, black) before Greek colonization, because …

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Why is the animal called a pig, and its meat called pork?

This is because world like pig, cow, sheep and calf come from the Anglo-Saxon or Old English language. After the Norman conquest in 1066 the wealthy French-speaking landowners called these animals by their French names when they ate them, giving us the words pork, beef, mutton and veal. The Anglo-Saxons, however, carried on calling the animals by their original names, …

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Why is the Amazon River so called?

In 1539 a large Spanish force get out from the town of Quito, in Ecuador, to find out what could be discovered to the east. As their supplies were running out, Gonzalo Pizarro, a brother of the conqueror of Peru, ordered a small party to retrace their route by boat and return with fresh supplies. Commanded by Francisco de Orellana, …

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