Kids Encyclopedia

Turkey: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Turkey - World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Republic Capital: Ankara Location: Includes the south-western part of the Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor. The Sea of Marmara and the straits of Bosporus and Dardanelles separate Asian Turkey from Europe. The shores of Turkey are washed by the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black seas. On land, Turkey has borders with Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran and the …

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Lebanon: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Lebanon – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Republic Capital: Beirut Location: On the eastern coast of the Mediterranean, Lebanon has borders with Syria and Israel. Area: 10,400 sq km National Composition: Mostly Arabs, with Armenian, Greek, Turkish and other minorities; about 1.5 million Lebanese live abroad Religion: Islam, Christianity Official Language: Arabic Currency: Lebanese Pound = 1oo piastres Administrative Divisions: 6 provinces including the capital Other Major Cities:  Tripoli (Tarabulus), …

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Cyprus: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Cyprus – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Republic Capital: Nicosia (Levkosia) is capital of Greek Cyprus; Limassol is capital of Turkish Cyprus Location: In the eastern Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. Area: 9,251 sq km National Composition: Greek Cypriots (78%), Turkish Cypriots (18%), small numbers of Armenians, British and others Religion: Orthodox Church of Cyprus; Islam Official Language: Turkish, Greek Currency: Cyprus Pound = 1,o00 mils Administrative Divisions: Greek and Turkish Zones …

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Syria: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Syria – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Republic Capital: Damascus (Esh Sham, Damas) Location: In south-western Asia on the Mediterranean Sea coast; the region is traditionally known as the Levant. Syria has borders with Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and Iraq. Area: 185,190 sq km. National Composition: Arabs (88%), Kurds (6%), Armenians and other minorities Religion: Islam Official Language: Arabic Currency: Syrian pound = 100 piasters Administrative Divisions: 14 administrative districts, …

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Jordan: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Jordan – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Monarchy Capital: Amman Location: In south-western Asia, Jordan shares borders with Israel, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Syria Area: 97,940 sq km National composition: Mostly Arabs; Circassian, Armenian and Kurdish minorities Religion: Islam Official language: Arabic Currency: Dinar = 1,000 fils Administrative divisions: 8 districts, including the capital Other major cities: Zarqa, Irbid Highest elevation: Jebel Ram (1,754 …

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Israel: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Israel – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Republic Capital: Jerusalem Location: On the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, Israel has borders with Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt Area: 20, 770 sq km National composition: Jews (90%), Arabs (many Palestinian Arabs live in various Arab nations) Religions: Judaism , Islam, Christianity Official languages: Herbrew, Arabic Currency: Shekel = 100 new agora Administrative divisions: 6 …

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Saudi Arabia: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Saudi Arabia – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Monarchy Capital: Riyadh Location: In the Arabian Peninsula, between the Persian (or Arabian) Gulf, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. It has borders with Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, the Yemen Arab Republic and South Yemen (Yemen PDR) Area: 2,149,690 sq km National composition: Mostly Arabs, with Indian, Pakistani, African and European …

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Yemen: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

Yemen – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Republic (Yemen Arab Republic) Capital: San’a Location: In south-western Arabia, on the Red Sea. Yemen has borders with Saudi Arabia and South Yemen (the Yemen PDR) Area: 195,000 sq km National composition: Arabs Religion: Islam Official language: Arabic Currency: Riyal = 100 fils Administrative divisions: 7 districts Other major cities: Hodeida (Al Hudaydah), Ta’izz Highest elevation: Hadhur …

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South Yemen: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

South Yemen – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

System of government: Republic Capital: Aden Location: On the coast of the Gulf of Aden, in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The Yemen People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) has borders with Saudi Arabia, Oman and the Yemen Arab Republic. The country also includes the islands of Kamaran and Perim in the Red Sea, and the island of Socotra in …

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United Arab Emirates: World Encyclopedia for Students and Children

United Arab Emirates – World Atlas: Kids Encyclopedia

Sytesm of government: Federation of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Sharjah, Umm al Qaiwain, Fujairah and Ras al Khaimah. The seven emirs form the Supreme Council; one emir serves as President Capital: Abu Dhabi Location: In the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula on the coast of the Persian Gulf; land borders with Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Oman Area: …

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