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Narendra Modi - Biography, Political Career & Background

Narendra Modi Biography For Students & Kids

Narendra Modi Facts & Information

Full Name Narendra Damodardas Modi
Born September 17, 1950 at Vadnagar, Bombay State, India
Religion Hinduism
Father Damodardas Mulchand Modi
Mother Heeraben
Brothers Soma: A retired health officer. Now runs an old-age home in Ahmedabad.

Prahlad: Runs a fair-price shop in Ahmedabad. He is also an activist fighting for the interests of fair-price shop owners.

Pankaj Modi: Works in the information department, Gandhinagar.

Residence Gandhinagar, Gujarat
Marriage The issue of Modi’s marriage became a minor controversy. It was later revealed that he had been betrothed as a child but had refused to acknowledge the union later on.
Teenage As a teenager, Modi and his brother ran a tea stall.
Schooling Did his schooling from Vadnagar. According to his teachers, he was an average student but had great interest in debates.
Education Gujarat University
Occupation The 14th and current Chief Minister of Gujarat. The Prime Minister designate of India
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Modi’s image is that of a staunch RSS supporter and Hindu nationalist. He has sparked controversy both within India and abroad.
Start of politics After receiving RSS training in Nagpur, Modi started with taking charge of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP), the student wing of the RSS, in Gujarat.
Political Party Bhartiya Janta Party
Constituency Maninagar
Preceded by Keshubhai Patel
Assumed office 10/07/01
General Secretary of the BJP Soon thereafter, Modi was made the General Secretary of the BJP and started looking after the party’s activities in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. His work led to the party’s victory in those elections.
National Secretary of the BJP In 1998, Modi became the National Secretary of the BJP.
First Term as Chief Minister of Gujarat (2001-02) Modi replaced Keshubhai Patel as the CM of Gujarat, as the latter had been struggling to contain the problems of corruption and poor administration. Given Modi’s lack of experience at that time, L. K. Advani was not very confident about his chances. On 7 October 2001, Modi was appointed the Chief Minister of Gujarat and was assigned the responsibility to prepare the BJP for elections in December 2002. However, Modi did exceedingly well, focusing on privatization and minimum interference in business, an ideology that was squarely at odds with that of the RSS.
Gujarat violence (2002) The Godhra riots broke out in the state following the apparent murder of 58 Hindu pilgrims on a train. About 1,000-2,000 Muslims were killed as communal violence broke out. In response, the Modi government imposed curfew in the state, issued orders of shoot-at-sight, and called in the Army.

There were accusations that the violence was incited by the Modi government, although the Special Investigation Team (SIT) did not find any such strong evidence. However, on May 7, 2002, Raju Ramachandran, advisor to the Supreme Court for this case, held an opposite view and said that Modi can be prosecuted.

The matter snowballed into a national-level debate, with opposition parties demanding Modi’s resignation. He did do, and elections were held again.

Modi win in Elections of 2002 In the elections following immediately, Modi adopted a strong anti-Muslim stance and managed to win 127 out of the 182 seats.
Second Term as Chief Minister of Gujarat (2002-07) During his second term, Modi shifted his focus entirely from Hindutva to aggressive economic expansion. He reigned in reactionary organizations like the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) as Gujarat saw its economy soar as investments poured in. An indicator of this was the Vibrant Gujarat Summit of 2007, which saw land leads worth Rs. 6,600 billion getting signed. However, he found himself getting increasingly alienated within the party as even Atal Bihari Vajpayee distanced himself from Modi. Criticism in media also grew stronger, with Modi being equated to the likes of Adolf Hitler.
Elections 2007-08 Despite the troubled waters, Modi managed to win the 2007 election, bagging 122 of the 182 seats.
Third Term as Chief Minister of Gujarat (2007-12) During his third term, Modi worked to turn around the agriculture industry of Gujarat, launching a successful project to improve groundwater tables. During this time, about 113, 738 were constructed. As cotton production in the state soared, the economy started growing rapidly, recording an all-time high compounded annual rate of 10.97%.
Sadbhavana Mission and Fasts In what is seen as a stratagem to appease the Muslims, Modi observed a number of fasts under his Sadbhavana Mission or Goodwill Mission, to improve communal ties and promote peace in the state. However, this had next to no impact.
Adoption of Social Media Modi is arguably the most net-savvy political leader in India. He was quick to realize the potential of Twitter and Google Plus hangouts, and has been using these effectively.
Fourth Term as Chief Minister of Gujarat (2012-present) The 2012 elections came as no surprise to anyone as the BJP swept the assembly once again, winning 115 out of the 182 seats.
Role in National Politics The year 2013 proved extremely fruitful for Modi as he projected himself on the center stage. The BJP elected him as Chairman of the Central Election Campaign Committee of the BJP, amid growing clamor for Modi’s name for the position of Prime Minister.
Prime Ministership Narendra Modi led the BJP in the 2014 general election, which gave the party a majority in the Lok Sabha, the first time a single party had achieved this since 1984. Modi himself was elected to parliament from Varanasi.
Awards & recognitions • Gujarat Ratna, conferred by Shri Poona Gujarati Bandhu Samaj

• e-Ratna award by the Computer Society of India

• Best Chief Minister, according to a 2006 India Today survey

• Personality of the Year Award (Asia) for 2009 by the fDi magazine

• Featured on the cover of Time Magazine (Asia) in March 2012

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